Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 The relationship between housing characteristics and malaria infection among under-five children in Nigeria

From: Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey

Housing characteristics N % Malaria test
RDT+ p-value Micro+ χ2 p-value
Floor materials
 Unimproved 3283 46.8 56.4 < 0.001* 36.9 < 0.001*
 Improved 3728 53.2 35.3   19.2  
Roof materials
 Unimproved 1889 26.9 59.7 < 0.001* 42.8 < 0.001*
 Improved 5122 73.1 39.7   21.7  
Wall materials
 Unimproved 3034 43.3 61.4 < 0.001* 39.9 < 0.001*
 Improved 3977 56.7 32.9   18.2  
All building materials
 Totally improved 2969 42.4 32.4 < 0.001* 17.0 < 0.001*
 Partially improved 2630 37.5 49.4   28.9  
 Nothing improved 1412 20.1 64.2   47.1  
Total 7011 100.0 45.1   27.3  
  1. RDT+: positive on rapid diagnostic test, Micro+: positive on microscopy test
  2. * Significant at 5% χ2 test