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Table 2 Malaria parasite prevalence and density with respect to altitude, sex and age

From: Malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and malnutrition in children less than 15 years residing in different altitudes along the slope of Mount Cameroon: prevalence, intensity and risk factors

Parameter No. examined Prevalence (n) P value GMPD (SD)/µL of blood Range/µL of blood) P-value
Altitude
 Low land 405 46.7 (189) 0.004* 449 (1894.5) 100–11,520 0.26a
 Highland 423 36.9 (156) 374 (3253.8) 102–27,060
Gender
 Male 394 40.1 (158) 0.384 400 (1664.3) 100–10,920 0.587a
 Female 434 43.1 (187) 424.5 (3196.2) 102–27,060
Age group in years
 < 5 289 40.5 (117) 0.018* 469 (2996.8) 104–27,060 0.032*b
 5–9 342 46.8 (160) 420 (2722.2) 100–25,546
 10–14 197 34.5 (68) 320 (1216.6) 100–57,040
 Total 828 41.7 (345) 413 (2601.8) 100–27,060
  1. * Statistically significant P value
  2. aDifference in GMPD in the different altitude and sex determined by Mann–Whitney U test
  3. bDifference in GMPD in the different age groups determined by Kruskal–Wallis test