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Table 6 Logistic regression model showing risk factors of malnutrition

From: Malaria parasitaemia, anaemia and malnutrition in children less than 15 years residing in different altitudes along the slope of Mount Cameroon: prevalence, intensity and risk factors

Variables N Prevalence of malnutrition (n) Bivariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regression
COR (95% CI) P value AOR P value
Altitude
 Highland 423 32.4 (137) Reference   Reference  
 Lowland 405 37.3 (151) 1.24 (0.93–1.65) 0. 14 1.18 (0.87–1.59) 0.30
Age group
 10–14 197 27.9 (55) Reference   Reference  
 5–9 342 21.1 (72) 0.69 (0.46–1.04) 0.07 0.68 (0.45–1.03) 0.07
 < 5 289 55.7 (161) 3.22 (2.18–4.75) < 0.001* 3.09 (2.08–4.6) < 0.001*
Gender
 Female 434 31.3 (136) Reference   Reference  
 Male 394 38.6 (152) 1.38 (1.03–1.83) 0.0291* 1.22 (0.90–1.65) 0.20
Level of education
 No formal 44 29.5 (13) Reference    
 Primary 392 33.2 (130) 1.18 (0.59–2.34) 0.63
 Secondary 267 36.7 (98) 1.38 (0.69–2.77) 0.35
 Tertiary 48 43.8 (21) 1.85 (0.78–4.40) 0.16
Marital status of parent/guardian
 Married 611 34.5 (211) Reference    
 Single 201 37.8 (76) 1.08 (0.77–1.50) 0.66
Fever in the past 2 days
 No 650 35.4 (230) Reference    
 Yes 155 31.6 (49) 0.85 (0.59–1.24) 0.41
Malaria status
 Negative 483 35.6 (172) Reference    
 Positive 345 33.6 (116) 0.87 (0.63–1.19) 0.38
Anaemia status
 Negative 363 32.2 (117) Reference   Reference  
 Positive 465 36.8 (171) 1.22 (0.92–1.63) 0.17 1.06 (0.77–1.45) 0.73
  1. * Statistically significant P value, CI confidence Interval, COR crude odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio