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Table 5 Pharmaceutical drugs used by caregivers to treat malaria in children under 12 in Cotonou, Benin, May 2016 (N = 256): home treatment versus healthcare professional

From: Home treatment and use of informal market of pharmaceutical drugs for the management of paediatric malaria in Cotonou, Benin

Variates Healthcare professional Home treatment Chi square test
Categories Subcategories n = 71 (%) n = 185 (%) p-value
Therapeutic classes Anti-malarial 63 (89) 120 (65) 0.000
Antipyretic 30 (42) 125 (68) 0.000
Anthelmintic 4 (6) 11 (6) 0.924
Antibiotic 18 (25) 24 (13) 0.017
Supplements 13 (18) 26 (14) 0.828
Anti-malarial ACT 21 (30) 55 (30) 0.980
SP 2 (3) 7 (4) 0.707
Quinine 42 (59) 45 (24) 0.000
Chloroquine 0 (0) 11 (6) 0.036
Other anti-malarial 1 (1) 4 (2) 0.696
Galenic form Tablet/pill 28 (39) 167 (90) 0.000
Injection/infusion 39 (55) 1 (1) 0.000
Syrup 25 (35) 29 (16) 0.019
Other 7 (10) 7 (4) 0.157
Number of different therapeutic classes 1 22 (31) 84 (45) 0.036
2 25 (35) 77 (42) 0.348
≥ 3 24 (34) 24 (13) 0.000
  1. Statistically significant p values are in italic
  2. ACT artemisinin-based combination therapy, SP sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine