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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents and households

From: Environmental and sociodemographic factors associated with household malaria burden in the Congo

Characteristics N %
(1) Respondents (household heads; n = 152)
 Gender
  Male 78 51.3
  Female 74 48.7
 Age (years)
  20–29 24 15.8
  30–39 61 40.2
  40–49 37 24.3
  50–70 30 19.7
 Marital status
  Married 99 65.1
  Divorced 6 4.0
  Widowed 8 5.2
  Single with children 22 14.5
  Single without children 17 11.2
 Education
  Never gone to school 11 7.2
  Primary 8 5.3
  High school 63 41.5
  Technical school 25 16.4
  University/College 45 29.6
 Occupation
  Unemployed 119 78.3
  Employed 33 21.7
(2) Households (total members: n = 1029)
 Family/household size
  2–5 71 46.7
  6–18 81 53.3
 Households with children < 5 years
  No 45 29.6
  Yes 107 70.4
 Residential area
  Rural 70 46.0
  Urban 82 54.0
 Monthly income status
  Overall less than 50 USD 114 75
  50 USD or more 38 25
  Rural less than 50 USD 62 88.6
  50 USD or more 8 11.4
  Urban Less than 50 USD 48 58.5
  50 USD or more 34 41.5
 Access to electricity
  Yes 134 88.2
  No 12 7.9
  No answer 6 3.9
 Use of means of communication
  Television (yes) 89 58.6
  Radio (yes) 126 82.9
  Telephone (yes) 133 87.5
 Type of toilet used (n = 147)
  Pit latrine with slab and flush 10 6.8
  Pit latrine with slab/manual flush 22 14.9
  Pit latrine without slab 115 78.2
 Shared latrine with neighbors (n = 152)
  Yes 88 57.9
  No 57 37.5
  Other 7 4.6
 Water source (n = 151)
  Indoor tap water (yes) 63 41.7
  Outdoor tap water or water well (yes) 88 58.3
  1. USD United States’ dollar