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Table 3 Associations between individual and household characteristics and SRM

From: Human population movement and behavioural patterns in malaria hotspots on the Thai–Myanmar border: implications for malaria elimination

Characteristics n SRM (%) OR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI]
Individual level
 Age
  \(\overline{x}\) ± SD 40.10 ± 14.79 0.97 [0.95–0.99] 0.95 [0.88–1.01]
  < 20 44 10 (22.73) Ref. Ref.
  20–39 214 19 (8.88) 0.33 [0.14–0.77] 0.49 [0.11–2.06]
  40–59 212 12 (5.66) 0.20 [0.08–0.51] 0.71 [0.06–8.31]
  ≥ 60 56 4 (7.14) 0.26 [0.08–0.90] 2.11 [0.06–76.44]
 Gender
  Female 318 23 (7.23) Ref. Ref.
  Male 208 22 (10.58) 1.52 [0.82–2.80] 1.35 [0.66–2.76]
 Educational level
  Never 329 25 (7.60) Ref. Ref.
  Primary school 140 16 (11.43) 1.57 [0.81–3.04] 1.41 [0.49–4.07]
  High school or above 57 4 (7.02) 0.31 [0.31–2.74] 1.02 [0.21–4.91]
 Thai literacy (4 skills)
  No 381 33 (8.66) Ref. Ref.
  Yes 145 12 (8.28) 1.05 [0.53–2.10] 0.47 [0.16–1.44]
 Occupation
  Non-related forest 196 16 (8.16) Ref. Ref.
  Related forest 330 29 (8.79) 1.08 [0.57–2.05] 1.60 [0.69–3.71]
 Monthly income
  < 5000 460 41 (8.91) Ref. Ref.
  > 5000 66 4 (6.06) 0.66 [0.23–1.90] 0.75 [0.22–2.62]
Household level
 Number of household’s member
  \(\overline{x}\) ± SD 4.95 ± 2.62 1.09 [1.01–1.18] 1.08 [0.97–1.19]
 Roof
  Tiles 217 16 (7.37) Ref. Ref.
  Leaves/Canvas 102 11 (10.78) 1.52 [0.68–3.40] 1.55 [0.58–4.17]
  Metal sheets 207 18 (8.70) 1.20 [0.59–2.41] 1.28 [0.55–2.95]
 Wall
  Cements 100 9 (9.00) Ref. Ref.
  Bamboos 213 18 (8.92) 0.99 [0.43–2.27] 1.72 [0.45–6.52]
  Woods 213 17 (7.98) 0.88 [0.38–2.04] 1.65 [0.47–5.82]
 Floor
  Ground floor 130 15 (11.54) Ref. Ref.
  Elevated floor 396 30 (7.58) 0.63 [0.33–1.21] 0.27 [0.08–0.88]
 Received IRS in the last year
  No 38 6 (15.79) Ref. Ref.
  Yes 448 39 (7.99) 0.46 [0.18–1.18] 0.32 [0.11–0.92]
 Cluster area
  Cluster I 249 22 (8.84) Ref. Ref.
  Cluster II 277 23 (8.30) 1.07 [0.58–1.97] 0.66 [0.25–1.74]
  1. AOR were adjusted from both individual and household levels