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Table 1 ITN use among children under five by background characteristics

From: Caregiver exposure to malaria social and behaviour change messages can improve bed net use among children in an endemic country: secondary analysis of the 2015 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey

Background characteristic N % (95% CI) Chi square
p-value
Caregiver exposed to at least one ITN messagea 0.0004
 No 1773 55.9 (52.7–59.1)  
 Yes 302 67.9 (61.4–73.8)  
Sex of child 0.8894
 Male 1057 58.1 (54.4–61.7)  
 Female 1018 57.7 (53.5–61.9)  
Age of child 0.2991
 0–11 months 285 54.5 (46.4–62.3)  
 12–23 months 603 57.9 (52.9–62.8)  
 24–35 months 532 62.2 (57.1–67.0)  
 36–47 months 384 54.1 (51.6–62.9)  
 48–59 months 271 57.9 (46.6–61.4)  
Caregiver’s educational attainment < 0.0001
 No formal education 890 67.7 (63.3–71.9)  
 Primary education 365 54.9 (48.7–60.9)  
 Secondary or higher education 820 47.9 (43.6–51.9)  
Place of residence 0.0005
 Urban 728 49.9 (44.8–55.1)  
 Rural 1347 62.0 (58.0–65.9)  
Wealth quintile < 0.0001
 Highest 393 40.5 (35.2–46.1)  
 Fourth 411 47.5 (41.6–53.6)  
 Middle 428 60.0 (54.5–65.3)  
 Second 444 67.3 (60.8–73.2)  
 Lowest 399 69.9 (64.0–75.3)  
Region < 0.0001
 North Central 363 60.7 (53.5–67.5)  
 North East 424 61.0 (55.1–66.6)  
 North West 596 70.5 (64.6–75.8)  
 South East 184 33.3 (24.0–44.1)  
 South South 250 45.4 (36.9–54.3)  
 South West 258 41.7 (35.8–47.8)  
Adequate number of ITNs in householdb < 0.0001
 No 1352 51.6 (48.3–55.0)  
 Yes 723 69.1 (64.4–73.5)  
Household owns radio 0.2346
 No 814 59.7 (55.2–64.1)  
 Yes 1261 56.7 (53.2–60.2)  
Household owns television < 0.0001
 No 1101 66.3 (61.9–70.3)  
 Yes 974 47.4 (43.6–51.2)  
  1. In Nigeria almost all ITNs are long-lasting insecticide-treated net (LLINs). The authors used the term ITN because the analysis was conducted using data on ITNs, which include LLINs and ITNs that have been soaked with insecticide within the past 12 months
  2. ITN insecticide-treated bed net, CI confidence interval
  3. p-values that are significant at the 0.05 level are italic
  4. aDuring the 6 months preceding the survey
  5. bHousehold owns at least one ITN for every two household members