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Table 2 Role of Malaria Partners in Elimination of Malaria in Armenia

From: Role of malaria partners in malaria elimination in Armenia

Malaria partner Contribution to malaria elimination
Ministry of Defence Organization and implementation of malaria epidemiological surveillance in the army; monitoring, analysis, evaluation of detected cases, forecasting and decision-making Entomological vector surveillance of malaria in the army, preparation of passports of water stands located in the territory of military regimens, calculation of malaria seasonal elements, monitoring of Anopheles mosquito population, density, seasonal movement and phenological observations Malaria diagnosis, treatment and follow up of military personnel Seasonal and inter-seasonal chemoprophylaxis Education and awareness of military personnel Monitoring of and ensuring proper implementation of anti-malaria activities in military regiments Implementation of malaria prevention activities in peace-keeping troops
Ministry of Education/Science Arranged that foreign students from malaria endemic countries were treated at the Medical University policlinic. After a basic medical examination (malaria examination included) they are followed up by the University outpatient clinic and examined for malaria in all cases of fever and upon return after holidays in their native countries. In addition, the Ministry approved malaria-related academic curricula for Yerevan State Medical University and the Institute of Epidemiology, Virology and Medical Parasitology
Interior Ministry and Police Department There are at present no organized contingents of foreign workers from malaria endemic countries in Armenia. However, there are Armenians who regularly migrate abroad for work(Turkey, Georgia). Migrants need to check in with the family doctor or nurse before departure to get the required travel health certificate and will be checked again on their return by the airport health unit
Ministry of Nature Protection and Ministry of Emergency Situations Had been actively involved in the process of malariogenic stratification of the territory of Armenia through provision of data on average daily, monthly and annual temperature, as well as on level of precipitation collected at the control sites and reporting these data to the Ministry of Health
Ministry of Territorial Administration The Personnel of the Ministry were engaged in planning, development and maintenance of drainage systems and land amelioration in the Ararat Valley. It also actively participated through the local governments in implementation of anti-malaria, preventive and anti-epidemiological activities at community (local) level
Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Civil Aviation Coordinated activities of travel agencies through the Tourism Service of Armenia under Ministry of Economy of Armenia. This cooperation resulted in awareness of travel agencies on malaria risk in endemic areas, and in the awareness of tourists on malaria risk in the destination country. The Ministry of Civil Aviation had ensured proper activity of sanitary and quarantine points (SQP) functioning under the civil aviation system, insect-related examination of international airplanes arriving from endemic areas and monitoring vector-control measures. It also ensured urgent reporting to the MOH (according to the defined mechanism) by airline companies on cases of malaria detected on-board aircraft
Ministry of Agriculture Apart from active participation in the amelioration of drainage system in Ararat valley, it assumed coordinating role in the judicial use of pesticide for agriculture and public health. It also played a decisive role in the coordination of crop cultivation patterns facilitating the reduction of potential mosquito breeding sites
Ministry of Finance Ensured state budget allocation for prevention malaria re-establishment within the Health Care System
National Statistical Service Supported collection and publication on national level the aggregated statistical data on population and communicable diseases, including malaria
Community engagement It’s role in malaria elimination activities could be seen through the achievement of the malaria programme coverage targets, particularly those related to case detection, DOT treatment (compliance to 17 day treatment at the hospital), and vector control (acceptance of IRS, ITNs, windows screening and distribution of larvivorous fish
Private sector Participation in detection and diagnosis of suspected malaria cases and in the health education activities