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Table 3 Characteristics of reported cases by continent of infection, RENAVE, Spain 2002–2015

From: Imported cases of malaria in Spain: observational study using nationally reported statistics and surveillance data, 2002–2015

Variables Africa (n = 5389) America (n = 201) Asia (n = 154) Oceania (n = 14) p value
n % n % n % n %
Gender
 Male 3502 65.3 122 61.0 103 66.9 9 64.3 NS
 Female 1860 34.7 78 39.0 51 33.1 5 35.7
Age group (years)
 < 15 781 14.6 9 4.5 31 20.4 0 0.0 < 0.001
 15–24 504 9.4 32 16 28 18.4 1 7.1
 25–34 1566 29.2 82 41 46 30.3 3 21.4
 35–44 1475 27.5 42 21 23 15.1 7 50.0
 ≥ 45 1030 19.2 35 17.5 24 15.8 3 21.4
Continent of birth
 Africa 3571 74.1 0 0.0 2 1.4 0 0.0 < 0.001
 America 43 0.9 105 57.1 0 0.0 1 10.0
 Asia 27 0.6 1 0.5 88 62.9 0 0.0
 Oceania 3 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 20.0
 Europe 1178 24.4 78 42.4 50 35.7 7 70.0
Reason for travel or stay
 Immigrant 1360 26.4 64 32.8 42 30.2 3 25.0 < 0.001
 Work 654 12.7 19 9.7 10 7.2 3 25.0
 Tourism 494 9.6 67 34.4 34 24.5 5 41.7
 VFRs 2642 51.3 45 23.1 53 38.1 1 8.3
Chemoprophylaxis
 None 3790 77.9 113 83.9 95 89.0 2 37.5 < 0.001
 Non complete 589 15.5 18 10.2 11 7.6 3 25.0
 Complete 226 6.6 7 5.9 4 3.4 3 37.5
Plasmodium species
 P. falciparum 4374 92.3 55 34.0 20 14.8 5 45.5 < 0.001
 P. vivax 92 1.9 99 61.1 106 78.5 5 45.5
 P. ovale 102 2.2 0 0.0 5 3.7 1 9.1
 P. malariae 57 1.2 3 1.9 3 2.2 0 0.0
 Mixed 112 2.4 5 3.1 1 0.7 0 0.0
Hospitalization
 No 736 15.0 28 15.5 12 8.3 0 0.0 NS (p = 0.076)
 Yes 4180 85.0 153 84.5 132 91.7 11 100.0