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Table 3 Distributions of net care adherence and attitudes and environmental factors

From: Bed net care practices and associated factors in western Kenya

  HighlandsCDE LowlandsCDE p-valueA
Median (range) or # (%) Median (range) or # (%)
Overall net care adherence scoreF 2 (0–8) 4 (0–9) < 0.001*
Overall net condition    < 0.001*G
 Excellent 522 (59.9) 594 (67.2)  
 Good 227 (26.1) 162 (18.3)  
 Fair 98 (11.3) 85 (9.6)  
 Poor 18 (2.1) 23 (2.6)  
Knowledge and attitudes
 What kinds of things should you do to take care of your bed net?C
  Tie up in the morning 177 (27.6) 94 (16.4) < 0.001*
  Don’t wash or wash rarely 25 (3.9) 44 (7.7) 0.005*
  Don’t use detergent 135 (21.1) 37 (6.5) < 0.001*
  Don’t beat on the rocks 149 (23.2) 48 (8.4) < 0.001*
  Don’t hang in the sun 382 (59.6) 281 (49.0) < 0.001*
  Re-treat with insecticide 213 (33.2) 271 (47.2) < 0.001*
  Tie up all holes 166 (25.9) 418 (72.8) < 0.001*
 Perception of malaria riskC (2 = low, 10 = high) 6 (2, 10) 7.5 (2, 10) < 0.001*B
 Confidence in ability to prevent malariaC (likert scale) 2 (1, 5) 3 (1, 5) <0.001*
Environmental factors
 Household family structure: net user (years)D
  Child < 5 219 (25.0) 232 (26.2) 0.386
  Child 6–18 332 (38.0) 312 (35.3) 0.387
  Adult male 19–50 169 (19.3) 218 (24.7) 0.003*
  Adult female 19–50 332 (38.0) 337 (38.1) 0.386
  Adult male > 50 61 (7.0) 58 (6.6) 0.811
  Adult female > 50 113 (12.9) 101 (11.4) 0.416
 Ability to pay for a netC 441 (68.8) 494 (87.1) < 0.001*
 Source of net care knowledgeC
  Clinic 328 (37.5) 372 (42.1) 0.127
  Community event 176 (20.1) 340 (38.5) < 0.001*
  Net distribution 179 (20.5) 3 (0.34) < 0.001*
 Universal Access (1 net:2 members) 239 (37.2) 414 (72.1) < 0.001*
 Amount of shade in house compoundC,G    < 0.001*
  No shade 60 (9.3) 106 (18.5)  
  Little shade 321 (49.9) 255 (44.4)  
  Half shaded 229 (35.6) 159 (27.7)  
  Very shaded 27 (4.2) 38 (6.6)  
 Sleeping structure has Earth floorE    < 0.001*
  Earth floors 916 (73.5) 893 (87.0)  
  No earth floors 331 (26.5) 134 (13.0)  
 Animals present in sleeping structure at nightE    0.004*
  Animals present 164 (13.2) 179 (17.4)  
  No animals present 1083 (86.8) 848 (82.6)  
  1. ATwo sample test of proportions
  2. BNonparametric equality of medians test
  3. CHousehold level data (highlands n = 641, lowlands n = 574)
  4. DBed net level data (highlands n = 874, lowlands n = 884)
  5. ESleeping structure level data (highlands n = 1247, lowlands n = 1027), *statistically significant at alpha 0.05
  6. FLower scores indicate better net care and repair adherence practices
  7. GPearson Chi square test