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Table 3 Univariate correlation between environmental factors and malaria incidence in communities living in < 5 km and further away from the reservoirs

From: Malaria around large dams in Africa: effect of environmental and transmission endemicity factors

Factors Stable area Unstable area
Pearson’s correlation P Pearson’s correlation P
Dam communities (< 5 km)
 Slope (°) − 0.48 < 0.001 − 0.73 < 0.001
 Elevation (m) − 0.26 < 0.05 − 0.56 < 0.001
 Receding shoreline area (m2) 0.39 < 0.001 0.45 < 0.001
 Rainfall (mm) 0.25 < 0.05 0.37 < 0.05
 Minimum temperature (°C) 0.27 < 0.05 0.39 < 0.05
 Humidity (%) 0.16 > 0.05 0.28 < 0.05
Non-dam communities (5–10 km)
 Slope (°) − 0.41 < 0.001 − 0.64 < 0.001
 Elevation (m) − 0.32 < 0.05 − 0.59 < 0.001
 Receding shoreline area (m2) 0.19 > 0.05 0.16 > 0.05
 Rainfall (mm) 0.48 < 0.001 0.67 < 0.001
 Minimum temperature (°C) 0.22 < 0.05 0.37 < 0.05
 Humidity (%) 0.18 > 0.05 0.39 < 0.05