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Table 2 Stratification of potential of plant based repellents

From: Effectiveness of plant-based repellents against different Anopheles species: a systematic review

Protection time (hours) Plant name Concentration/dose Anopheles species
11.5 L. sinense ethanolic extract 25% An. minimus
11 Pine oil (Pinus)
Citronella (lemongrass oil)
D. sissoo oil
Peppermint oil
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
An. culicifacies
An. culicifacies
An. annularis
An. annularis
8 < to < 10 D. sissoo oil
Peppermint oil
R. mucronata oil
R. mucronata oil
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
4 mg/cm2
3 mg/cm2
An. culicifacies
An. culicifacies
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
8 D. sissoo oil 1 ml without dilution An. subpictus
Citronella (C. winterianus) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Lavender (L. angustifolia) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Camphor (C. camphora) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Catnip (N. cataria) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Geranium (P. graveolens) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Jasmine (J. grandiflorum) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
  Broad-leaved eucalyptus (E. dives) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Lemongrass (C. citratus) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Lemon-scented eucalyptus (E. citriodora) 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Amyris (A. balsamifera) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Narrow-leaved eucalyptus (E. radiata) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Carotin oil (G. soja) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Cedarwood (J. virginiana) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Chamomile (A. nobilis) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Cinnamon (C. zeylanicum) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Juniper (J. communis) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Cajeput (M. leucadendron) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Soya bean (G. max) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Rosemary (R. officinalis) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Niaouli (M. quinquenervia) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Olive (O. europaea) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Tagetes (T. minuta) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Violet (V. odorata) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Sandalwood (S. album) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Litsea (L. cubeba) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Galbanum (F. galbaniflua) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
C. longa essential oil 25% An. dirus
7 < to < 8 R. mucronata oil 2 mg/cm2 An. stephensi
Thyme (T. serpyllum) essential oils 20% oil solutions An. stephensi
Peppermint oil 1 ml without dilution An. subpictus
R. mucronata oil 1 mg/cm2 An. stephensi
7 Lemon (C. limon) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
6 < to < 7 A. monophylla essential oil 50 ppm An. stephensi
rosewood (A. rosaeodora) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
myrtle (M. communis) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
peppermint (M. piperita) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
6 Helichrysum (H. italicum) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
C. martinii martinii var sofia oil 1 ml without dilution An. sundaicus
Turmeric (C. longa) volatile oil 3 ml An. dirus
Citronella 3 ml An. dirus
Hairy basil oil 3 ml An. dirus
C. rotundus Linn hexane extract 10% An. stephensi
5 < to < 6 I. cairica essential oil 6% An. stephensi
Eucalyptus (E. globulus) essential oils 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Verbena (L. citriodora) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Chamomile (C. nobile) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
C. longa essential oil 15% An. dirus
C. longa essential oil 20% An. dirus
M. charantia essential oil 6% An. stephensi
C. citratus extract 2 mg/cm2 An. arabiensis
T. procumbens essential oil 6% An. stephensI
Confertifolin essential oil 10 ppm An. stephensi
5 Frankincense (B. carteri) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
Sage (S. sclarea) essential oil 20% oil solution An. stephensi
C. longa essential oil 10% An. dirus
Confertifolin essential oil
P. tuberosa extract
5 ppm
2%
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
4 < to < 5 Clove oil
Clove oil
C. citratus extract
Myrtle essential oil
I. cairica essential oil
Cream 20%
20% gel
1/5 mg/cm2
50%
4%
An. dirus
An. dirus
An. arabiensis
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
4 C. longa essential oil 5% An. dirus
P. tuberosa extract 1.5% An. stephensi
  1. Stratification of potential of plant based repellents by complete protection times, up to July 2018