Skip to main content

Table 2 Stratification of potential of plant based repellents

From: Effectiveness of plant-based repellents against different Anopheles species: a systematic review

Protection time (hours)Plant nameConcentration/doseAnopheles species
11.5L. sinense ethanolic extract25%An. minimus
11Pine oil (Pinus)
Citronella (lemongrass oil)
D. sissoo oil
Peppermint oil
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
An. culicifacies
An. culicifacies
An. annularis
An. annularis
8 < to < 10D. sissoo oil
Peppermint oil
R. mucronata oil
R. mucronata oil
1 ml without dilution
1 ml without dilution
4 mg/cm2
3 mg/cm2
An. culicifacies
An. culicifacies
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
8D. sissoo oil1 ml without dilutionAn. subpictus
Citronella (C. winterianus) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Lavender (L. angustifolia) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Camphor (C. camphora) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Catnip (N. cataria) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Geranium (P. graveolens) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Jasmine (J. grandiflorum) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
 Broad-leaved eucalyptus (E. dives) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Lemongrass (C. citratus) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Lemon-scented eucalyptus (E. citriodora)20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Amyris (A. balsamifera) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Narrow-leaved eucalyptus (E. radiata) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Carotin oil (G. soja) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Cedarwood (J. virginiana) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Chamomile (A. nobilis) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Cinnamon (C. zeylanicum) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Juniper (J. communis) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Cajeput (M. leucadendron) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Soya bean (G. max) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Rosemary (R. officinalis) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Niaouli (M. quinquenervia) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Olive (O. europaea) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Tagetes (T. minuta) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Violet (V. odorata) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Sandalwood (S. album) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Litsea (L. cubeba) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Galbanum (F. galbaniflua) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
C. longa essential oil25%An. dirus
7 < to < 8R. mucronata oil2 mg/cm2An. stephensi
Thyme (T. serpyllum) essential oils20% oil solutionsAn. stephensi
Peppermint oil1 ml without dilutionAn. subpictus
R. mucronata oil1 mg/cm2An. stephensi
7Lemon (C. limon) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
6 < to < 7A. monophylla essential oil50 ppmAn. stephensi
rosewood (A. rosaeodora) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
myrtle (M. communis) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
peppermint (M. piperita) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
6Helichrysum (H. italicum) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
C. martinii martinii var sofia oil1 ml without dilutionAn. sundaicus
Turmeric (C. longa) volatile oil3 mlAn. dirus
Citronella3 mlAn. dirus
Hairy basil oil3 mlAn. dirus
C. rotundus Linn hexane extract10%An. stephensi
5 < to < 6I. cairica essential oil6%An. stephensi
Eucalyptus (E. globulus) essential oils20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Verbena (L. citriodora) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Chamomile (C. nobile) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
C. longa essential oil15%An. dirus
C. longa essential oil20%An. dirus
M. charantia essential oil6%An. stephensi
C. citratus extract2 mg/cm2An. arabiensis
T. procumbens essential oil6%An. stephensI
Confertifolin essential oil10 ppmAn. stephensi
5Frankincense (B. carteri) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
Sage (S. sclarea) essential oil20% oil solutionAn. stephensi
C. longa essential oil10%An. dirus
Confertifolin essential oil
P. tuberosa extract
5 ppm
2%
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
4 < to < 5Clove oil
Clove oil
C. citratus extract
Myrtle essential oil
I. cairica essential oil
Cream 20%
20% gel
1/5 mg/cm2
50%
4%
An. dirus
An. dirus
An. arabiensis
An. stephensi
An. stephensi
4C. longa essential oil5%An. dirus
P. tuberosa extract1.5%An. stephensi
  1. Stratification of potential of plant based repellents by complete protection times, up to July 2018