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Table 3 Socio-demographic, geographic and household characteristics associated with non-utilization of ITNs among under-five children in Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey, 2015–16 (N = 4597)

From: Utilization of insecticide-treated bed nets and care-seeking for fever and its associated socio-demographic and geographical factors among under-five children in different regions: evidence from the Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey, 2015–2016

CharacteristicsTotalITN non-utilization N (%)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)p-valueAdjusted OR (95% CI)p-value
Total45973328 (80)    
Age of the child (in months)   0.07  
 36–5918421355 (81)1 1 
 12–3518151320 (81)1.0 (0.8–1.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.2)0.9
 <12940653 (79)0.9 (0.8–1.12) 0.9 (0.8–1.2)0.5
Sex of the child   0.6  
 Male24021731 (80)1   
 Female21951597 (81)1.0 (0.9–1.2)   
Age of caregiver (in years)   0.8  
 15–24865632 (81)1   
 25–3423681715 (81)1.0 (0.7–1.3)   
 ≥351364981 (80)0.9 (0.7–1.2)   
Education of the caregiver   < 0.001  
 No formal education802539 (72)1 1 
 Primary20341454 (80)1.6 (1.1–2.3) 1.0 (0.7–1.4)0.8
 Secondary14401058 (84)2.0 (1.4–3.0) 1.0 (0.7–1.5)0.9
 More than secondary321277 (91)3.9 (2.2–7.2) 1.3 (0.6–2.6)0.5
Father’s education   < 0.001  
 No education792532 (72)1 1 
 Primary17971310 (82)1.7 (1.2–2.5) 1.2 (0.8–1.7)0.3
 Secondary16641208 (82)1.8 (1.2–2.6) 0.9 (0.6–1.3)0.5
 More than secondary253212 (88)2.9 (1.6–5.2) 0.8 (0.4–1.7)0.6
Occupation of the caregiver   0.03  
 Not-working21701538 (80)1 1 
 Working24251788 (81)1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.9 (0.7–1.2)0.7
Father’s occupation   0.001  
 Manual worker25991892 (81)1 1 
 Agricultural1280886 (77)0.8 (0.6–1.0) 0.8 (0.6–1.1)0.1
 Others718550 (83)1.2 (0.8–1.6) 0.7 (0.5–1.1)0.09
Number of household members   0.07  
 1–3450344 (84)1 1 
 4–626061897 (81)0.8 (0.6–1.2) 1.0 (0.7–1.5)0.8
 7–101335938 (78)0.7 (0.5–1.0) 1.1 (0.7–1.6)0.7
 More than 10206149 (78)0.7 (0.4–1.3) 1.0 (0.5–2.2)0.9
Wealth index4,597  < 0.001  
 Lowest1383928 (74)1 1 
 Second1043722 (77)1.2 (0.9–1.6) 1.1 (0.8–1.4)0.7
 Middle826573 (81)1.5 (1.1–2.2) 1.3 (0.9–1.8)0.2
 Fourth775616 (87)2.4 (1.6–3.5) 1.8 (1.1–2.7)0.01
 Highest570489 (91)3.4 (2.2–5.3) 1.8 (1.0–3.3)0.06
Region   < 0.001  
 Other regions31002025 (73)1 1 
 Malaria elimination regions14971303 (90)3.4 (2.4–4.8) 2.0 (1.3–3.2)0.003
Geographical location   < 0.001  
 Coastal895459 (51)1 1 
 Hilly18101174 (73)2.6 (1.7–4.0) 3.0 (2.0–4.6)< 0.001
 Delta810764 (94)14.9 (8.6–25.8) 12.7 (7.7–21.2)< 0.001
 Central plains1082931 (85)5.3 (3.1–9.2) 4.0 (2.3–7.3)< 0.001
Place of residence   < 0.001  
 Rural36172489 (77)1 1 
 Urban980839 (91)3.1 (2.2– 4.6) 1.8 (1.2–2.9)0.006
  1. Figures presented here are weighted estimates
  2. ITN insecticide treated net, CI Confidence Interval