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Table 1 Association of demographic, ANC clinic and pregnancy outcome characteristics of parturient women from some semi-rural and semi-urban settings in the Mount Cameroon area

From: Coverage and effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) on adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Mount Cameroon area, South West Cameroon

VariableCategorySemi-rural  % (n)Semi-urban  % (n)p-value$
Age group< 2120.6 (49)18.1 (41)0.691
21–2531.5 (75)30.4 (69)
> 2547.9 (114)50.6 (117)
ParityPrimiparae30.3 (72)29.5 (67)0.069
Secundiparae23.9 (57)33.0 (75)
Multiparae45.8 (109)37.4 (85)
Number of ANC visits<4 visits35.7 (85)42.3 (96)0.146
Trimester of First ANCFirst8.0 (19)6.2 (14)0.402
Second74.7 (177)72.0 (162) 
Third17.3 (41)21.8 (49) 
Dosage frequency of SP≥ 3 doses40.8 (97)46.7 (106)0.106
2 doses31.1 (74)33.5 (76) 
≥ 1 dose28.2 (67)19.8 (45) 
ITN usageYes66.4 (158)69.2 (157)0.522
Febrile statusFebrile10.1 (24)1.1 (2)< 0.001
PM infectionPositive21.8 (52)15.0 (34)0.056
Anaemia statusAnaemic78.9 (187)53.3 (121)< 0.001
Anaemia severityMild25.6 (61)37.9 (86)< 0.001
Moderate48.7 (116)14.5 (33) 
Severe4.2 (10)0.9 (2) 
Birth weight statusLow birth weight12.6 (30)1.8 (4)< 0.001
GMPMD&% parasitisation (range)0.76 (0.1–16.0)1.94 (0.1–100)< 0.001
Hb levels (g/dL)Mean (± SD)9.8 ± 1.610.8 ± 1.1< 0.001
Birth weight (kg)Mean (± SD)3.2 ± 0.73.3 ± 0.50.142
  1. ANC antenatal clinic, ITN insecticide-treated nets, PM placental malaria infection, GMPMD geometric mean placenta malaria parasite density, Hb haemoglobin
  2. $Values are from Pearson Chi square test (categorical variables) and ANOVA and Student t test (continuous variables)