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Table 2 Association of maternal age, parity status, ANC clinic characteristics and adverse pregnancy outcomes by number of IPTp-SP doses

From: Coverage and effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) on adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Mount Cameroon area, South West Cameroon

VariablesCategoriesDoses [% (n)]p-value$
≤ 12≥ 3
Age group (years)< 2124.4 (22)18.0 (27)20.2 (41)0.853
21–2528.6 (32)30.0 (45)33 (67)
> 2551.8 (58)52.0 (78)46.8 (95)
ParityPrimiparae27.7 (31)31.3 (47)30.0 (61)0.128
Secundiparae20.5 (23)30.0 (45)31.5 (64)
Multiparae51.8 (58)38.7 (58)38.4 (78)
Trimester of first ANC visitFirst5.5 (6)4.7 (7)9.9 (20)< 0.001
Second53.2 (58)70.7 (106)86.2 (175)
Third41.3 (45)24.7 (37)3.9 (8)
Number of ANC visits< 4 visits70.5 (79)45.3 (68)16.7 (34)< 0.001
ITN UsageYes58.9 (66)64.0 (96)75.4 (153)0.006
PM infectionPositive14.3 (16)17.3 (26)21.7 (44)0.245
Anaemia status*Anaemic72.2 (70)63.6 (89)59.2 (106)0.102
Birth weight status*LBW13.5 (13)4.3 (6)4.4 (8)0.006
GMPMD (range)a1.1 (0.1–63.4) (16)b0.9 (0.1–68) (25)c1.3 (0.1–100) (42)0.160
Mean Hb levels*a10.0 ± 1.5
(97)
b10.5 ± 1.3 (140)c10.5 ± 1.4
(179)
0.015
Mean birth weight*a3.1 ± 0.6
(96)
b 3.3 ± 0.5 (140)c3.4 ± 0.5
(180)
< 0.001
  1. * Analysis excludes 48 women resident in Munyenge and positive for Schistosoma haematobium infection
  2. $Values from Pearson Chi square test (categorical variables) and ANOVA and Post hoc test (continuous variables); ANC antenatal clinic, ITN insecticide-treated nets, PM placental malaria, GMPMD geometric mean placenta parasite density, Hb haemoglobin
  3. Significant difference between b vs a: Hb; p = 0.035
  4. Significant difference between c vs a: Hb; p = 0.011
  5. Significant difference between b vs a: BWT; p = 0.021
  6. Significant difference between c vs a: BWT; p < 0.001
  7. No significant difference in Hb and BWT between c and b (p = 1.000)