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Table 2 General characteristics of the 327 pregnant women included in the uRDT study

From: Prevalence and clinical impact of malaria infections detected with a highly sensitive HRP2 rapid diagnostic test in Beninese pregnant women

General characteristics Proportion or mean (SD)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 26.7 (5)
 < 23 61 (18.8)
 23–30 248 (76.3)
 > 30 16 (4.9)
Ethnicity
 Toffin 73.1%
 Aizo 13.6%
 Other 13.3%
Education level  
 Illiterate 69.7%
Socioeconomic levela
 Low (1st tertile) 111 (34.2)
 Medium (2nd tertile) 134 (41.2)
 High (3rd tertile) 80 (24.6)
Gravidity
 Primigravidae 7.7%
 Secundigravidae 15.4%
 Multigravidae 76.9%
HIV infection (n = 309) 1.7%
BMI (kg/m2)—WHO categories  
 < 8, 5 9.3%
 18, 5–24 66.7%
≥ 25 24.0%
Anaemia before conceptionb 57.8%
During pregnancy  
Number of IPTp intakes
 0 16%
 1 19%
 2 54%
 3 12%
At least one microscopic malaria infection
 During pregnancy 40.0%
 1st trimester 22.3% (71/319)
 2nd trimester 17.3% (52/300)
 3rd trimester 14.3% (39/272)
  1. aSocioeconomic level was approximated using a synthetic score combining occupation and ownership of assets, which was then categorized according to the tertiles within the whole RECIPAL cohort
  2. bDefined as a Hb level < 12 g/dL according to WHO recommendations for non-pregnant women