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Table 4 Association of pregnancy outcomes with adequate dose of IPTp received and predictors of adequate IPTp doses received during pregnancy

From: Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) influences delivery outcomes among women with obstetric referrals at the district level in Ghana

OutcomeCategoryUnadjusted OR (95% CI)p-valueAdjusted ORa (95% CI)p-value
New-born complicationYes0.74 (0.61–0.90)<  0.010.80 (0.65–0.98)0.03
Maternal complication developed at deliveryYes0.71 (0.61–0.83)< 0.010.88 (0.72–1.07)0.20
Anaemia at deliveryNormal¥ (reference) ¥ 
Mild1.11 (0.89–1.34)0.361.14 (0.90–1.44)0.29
Moderate0.91 (0.77–1.14)0.410.90 (0.71–1.14)0.38
Hemoglobin level 0.93 (0.83–0.99)0.03  
Birth weightLBW0.55 (0.41–0.72)<0.010.51 (0.38–0.68)<0.01
Normal¥ ¥ 
Big baby0.98 (0.58–1.63)0.920.38 (0.20–0.72)<0.01
Term at gestationPreterm0.72 (0.57–0.91)0.010.71 (0.55–0.90)0.01
Term¥ ¥ 
Post term1.06 (0.88–1.27)0.560.95 (0.77–1.61)0.59
Sex of babyFemale0.89 (0.77–1.04)0.141.13 (0.96–1.33)0.14
Male¥ ¥ 
Referral is due to malariaYes0.71 (0.34–1.49)0.360.70 (0.56–0.87)<0.01
No¥ ¥ 
  1. ANC antenatal clinic, CHPS Community-based Health Planning and Services, LBW low birth weight
  2. aAdjusted for district, facility type where ANC was received, insurance coverage, age, parity, educational level, marital status, employment status, trimester for first ANC visit, number of ANC visits in pregnancy, pregnancy complication is reason for referral and history of previous pregnancy complication