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Table 2 Comparison of change in the use of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets and other malaria preventive measures (before and after, and between control and intervention groups)

From: Effectiveness of a health education intervention on the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets for the prevention of malaria in pregnant women of Pakistan: a quasi-experimental study

Variables Control (n = 100) Intervention (n = 100)
Before After p value Before After p value
 Knowledge
  Transmission
   Insect bite 21 (21%) 17 (17%) 0.106 25 (25%) 3 (3%) 0.765
   Mosquito bite 79 (79%) 83 (83%) 75 (75%) 97 (97%)
  Symptoms
   Fever 69 (69%) 66 (66%) 0.314 61 (61%) 77 (77%) 0.286
   Headache 31 (31%) 34 (34%) 26 (26%) 23 (23%)
  Severity
   Yes 30 (30%) 40 (40%) 0.210 75 (75%) 97 (97%) 0.002*
   No 70 (70%) 60 (60%) 25 (25%) 3 (3%)
  Complications
   Fever 69 (69%) 66 (66%) 0.314 61 (61%) 77 (77%) 0.286
   Vomiting 31 (31%) 34 (34%) 39 (39%) 23 (23%)
  Prevention
   By using LLINs 46 (46%) 44 (44%) 0.255 31 (31%) 87 (87%) 0.893
   Spray 54 (54%) 46 (46%) 69 (69%) 13 (13%)
  Heard about LLINs
   Yes 61 (61%) 48 (48%) 0.065 58 (58%) 100 (100%) < 0.001*
   No 39 (39%) 52 (52%) 42 (42%) 0
  LLINs use
   Protects newborn from malaria 46 (46%) 50 (50%) 0.093 28 (28%) 6 (6%) 0.053*
   Protects mother from malaria 54 (54%) 50 (50%) 72 (72%) 94 (94%)
  Use LLINs prevents malaria
   Yes 35 (35%) 40 (40%) 0.465 100 (100%) 100 (100%) < 0.001*
   No 65 (65%) 60 (60%) 0 0
 Use of LLINs
  LLIN present
   Yes 81 (81%) 70 (70%) 0.091 85 (85%) 97 (97%) 0.003*
   No 19 (19%) 30 (30%) 15 (15%) 3 (3%)
  Use LLINs in pregnancy
   Yes 35 (35%) 39 (39%) 0.474 31 (31%) 73 (73%) < 0.001*
   No 65 (65%) 61 (61%) 69 (69%) 27 (27%)
  LLINs use important in pregnancy
   Yes 35 (35%) 39 (39%) 0.474 31 (31%) 73 (73%) < 0.001*
   No 65 (65%) 61 (61%) 69 (69%) 27 (27%)
  Use LLINs previous night
   Yes 35 (35%) 36 (36%) 0.883 31 (31%) 96 (96%) < 0.001*
   No 65 (65%) 64 (64%) 69 (69%) 4 (4%)
  Use spray in last 3 months
   Yes 35 (35%) 33 (33%) 0.765 31 (31%) 81 (81%) < 0.001*
   No 65 (65%) 67 (67%) 69 (69%) 19 (19%)
  1. *Significant (p ≤ 0.05)