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Table 1 Household characteristics and malaria perceptions comparing households with and without observed repurposed bed nets

From: “After those nets are torn, most people use them for other purposes”: an examination of alternative bed net use in western Kenya

   Highlands   Lowlands
  Total Any repurposing (n = 52) No repurposing (n = 587) P valuea Total Any repurposing (n = 184) No repurposing (n = 374) P valuea
People per household (n = 639)    0.629 (n = 558)    0.183
 1–3 240 (37.6) 21 (8.8) 219 (91.3)   372 (66.7) 120 (32.3) 252 (67.7)  
 4–6 293 (45.9) 25 (8.5) 268 (91.5)   164 (29.4) 53 (32.3) 111 (67.7)  
  ≥ 7 106 (16.6) 6 (5.7) 100 (94.3)   22 (3.9) 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0)  
Nets per household (n = 639)    0.236 (n = 558)    0.470
 0 202 (31.6) 11 (5.4) 191 (94.6)   11 (1.9) 2 (20.0) 8 (80.0)  
 1 167 (26.1) 17 (10.2) 150 (89.8)   309 (55.4) 95 (30.7) 214 (69.3)  
 2 152 (23.8) 15 (9.9) 137 (90.1)   179 (32.1) 65 (36.3) 114 (63.7)  
  ≥ 3 118 (18.5) 7 (8.2) 78 (91.8)   60 (10.8) 16 (35.6) 29 (64.4)  
How serious a problem malaria is for the family (n = 637)    0.383 (n = 557)   0.938 0.273
 Not at all serious 22 (3.5) 4 (18.2) 18 (81.8)   5 (0.9) 2 (40.0) 3 (60.0)  
 Slightly serious 357 (56.0) 26 (7.3) 331 (92.7)   143 (25.7) 43 (30.1) 100 (69.9)  
 Somewhat serious 189 (29.7) 16 (8.5) 173 (91.5)   100 (18.0) 33 (33.0) 67 (67.0)  
 Serious 64 (10.0) 5 (7.8) 59 (92.2)   283 (50.8) 96 (33.9) 187 (66.1)  
 Extremely serious 5 (0.8) 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)   26 (4.7) 9 (34.6) 17 (65.4)  
Problems ever using a net (n = 534)    0.184 (n = 538)   0.696 0.438
 Yes 43 (8.1) 6 (14.0) 37 (86.0)   72 (13.4) 25 (34.7) 47 (65.3)  
 No 491 (91.9) 40 (8.1) 451 (91.9)   466 (86.6) 151 (32.4) 315 (67.6)  
Wealth quartile (n = 628)    0.809 (n = 564)    0.234
 1st Quartile 160 (25.5) 12 (7.5) 148 (92.5)   118 (20.9) 34 (28.8) 84 (71.2)  
 2nd Quartile 211 (33.6) 18 (8.5) 193 (91.5)   103 (18.3) 26 (25.2) 77 (74.8)  
 3rd Quartile 128 (20.4) 8 (6.3) 120 (93.8)   156 (27.7) 55 (35.3) 101 (64.7)  
 4th Quartile 129 (20.5) 12 (9.3) 117 (90.7)   187 (33.2) 69 (36.9) 118 (63.1)  
Ability to afford a net (n = 640)    0.753 (n = 567)    0.888
 Yes 442 (69.1) 36 (8.1) 403 (91.2)   494 (87.1) 157 (31.8) 322 (65.2)  
 No 198 (30.9) 15 (7.6) 182 (91.9)   73 (12.9) 23 (31.5) 49 (67.1)  
Sublocation (n = 642)    0.038* (n = 574)    0.284
 Chepsonoi 221 (34.4) 22 (10.0) 199 (90.0)      
 Kiborgok 204 (31.8) 12 (5.9) 192 (94.1)      
 Tindinyo 217 (33.8) 18 (8.3) 199 (91.7)      
 Kabar Central      316 (55.1) 106 (33.5) 210 (66.5)  
 Kabar West      258 (44.9) 78 (30.2) 180 (69.8)  
Universal access (n = 641)    0.211 (n = 574)    0.668
 Yes 239 (37.3) 21 (8.8) 218 (91.6)   414 (72.1) 134 (32.4) 272 (65.7)  
 No 402 (62.7) 31 (7.7) 369 (91.8)   160 (27.9) 50 (31.3) 102 (63.8)  
% HH slept under a net (n = 633)    0.115 (n = 558)    0.610
 0–25% 227 (35.9) 11 (4.8) 216 (95.2)   15 (2.7) 4 (26.7) 11 (73.3)  
 26–50% 67 (10.6) 8 (11.9) 59 (88.1)   12 (2.2) 2 (16.7) 10 (83.3)  
 51–75% 46 (7.3) 5 (10.9) 41 (89.1)   16 (2.9) 5 (31.2) 11 (68.8)  
 76–100% 293 (46.3) 28 (9.6) 265 (90.4)   515 (92.3) 173 (33.6) 342 (66.4)  
Own cattle (n = 639)    0.974 (n = 558)    0.852
 Yes 355 (55.6) 29 (8.2) 326 (91.8)   288 (51.6) 96 (33.3) 192 (66.7)  
 No 284 (44.4) 23 (8.1) 261 (91.9)   270 (48.4) 88 (32.6) 182 (67.4)  
Own sheep (n = 639)    0.992 (n = 558)    0.754
 Yes 74 (11.6) 6 (8.1) 68 (91.9)   117 (21.0) 40 (34.2) 77 (65.8)  
 No 565 (88.4) 46 (8.1) 519 (91.9)   441 (79.0) 144 (32.7) 297 (67.3)  
Own goats (n = 639)    0.191 (n = 558)    0.028*
 Yes 56 (8.8) 2 (3.6) 54 (96.4)   175 (31.4) 69 (39.4) 106 (60.6)  
 No 583 (91.2) 50 (8.6) 533 (91.4)   383 (68.6) 115 (30.0) 268 (70.0)  
Own chickens (n = 638)    0.117 (n = 558)    0.000*
 Yes 497 (77.9) 45 (9.1) 452 (90.9)   441 (79.0) 163 (37.0) 278 (63.0)  
 No 141 (22.1) 7 (5.0) 134 (95.0)   117 (21.0) 21 (17.9) 96 (82.1)  
Own dogs (n = 639)    0.004* (n = 558)    0.212
 Yes 155 (24.3) 4 (2.6) 151 (97.4)   325 (58.2) 114 (35.1) 211 (64.9)  
 No 484 (75.7) 48 (9.9) 436 (90.1)   233 (41.8) 70 (30.0) 163 (70.0)  
HH reports seeing others repurpose bed nets (n = 637)    0.000* (n = 557)    0.011*
 Yes 450 (70.6) 48 (10.7) 402 (89.3)   525 (94.3) 180 (34.3) 345 (65.7)  
 No 187 (29.4) 4 (2.1) 183 (97.9)   32 (5.7) 4 (12.5) 28 (87.5)  
  1. aPearson’s Chi-Square test
  2. *Statistically significant p < 0.05