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Table 1 Description of the population at inclusion of the study

From: Active case detection of malaria in pregnancy using loop-mediated amplification (LAMP): a pilot outcomes study in South West Ethiopia

Characteristic All (n = 199) LAMP (n = 149) SOC (n = 50) P
Age, mean (SD), years 26.4 (4.6) 26.2 (4.6) 27.1(4.8) 0.224
Haemoglobin, median (IQR), g/dL 12.00 (1.25) 12.00 (1.20) 12.01 (1.30) 0.698
Parity, no. (%) 0.012
 Primiparous 58 (29.1) 36 (24.2) 22 (44.0)
 Multiparous 141 (70.9) 113 (75.8) 28 (56.0)
 Gestational age, mean (SD), weeks 16.4 (5.8) 16.4 (5.8) 16.3 (5.7) 0.863
Educational level, no. (%) 0.794
 Illiterate 78 (39.2) 60 (40.3) 18 (36.0)
 Read/write 84 (42.2) 64 (42.9) 20 (40.0)
 Primary school 23 (11.6) 16 (10.7) 7 (14.0)
 Secondary school 12 (6.0) 8 (5.4) 4 (8.0)
 College/above 2 (1.0) 1 (0.7) 1 (2.0)
Occupation, no. (%) 0.209
 Daily labourer 56 (28.1) 37 (24.8) 19 (38.0)
 Farmer 85 (42.7) 66 (44.3) 19 (38.0)
 Merchant 18 (9.1) 16 (10.7) 2 (4.0)
 Housewife 40 (20.1) 30 (20.1) 10 (20.0)
Use of ITN, no. (%) 0.897
 No usage 80 (40.2) 61 (40.9) 19 (38.0)
 Rare 83 (41.7) 62 (41.7) 21 (42.0)
 Systematic 36 (18.1) 26 (17.4) 10 (20.0)
 Plasmodium spp. prevalence*, % 4/199 (2.0) 3/149 (2.0) 1/50 (2.0) 0.801
  1. Data are presented for all patients, as well as for each study arm. P-values are displayed for comparison between the two arms. Categorical variable were compared using Chi square test and continuous variables using Student’s t test
  2. IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation, ITN insecticide treated nets, LAMP loop mediated amplification, SOC standard of care
  3. * At inclusion, estimation using stained thick blood smear