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Table 1 Farmer’s knowledge on malaria

From: Minimal tillage and intermittent flooding farming systems show a potential reduction in the proliferation of Anopheles mosquito larvae in a rice field in Malanville, Northern Benin

Variables Number Percentage P
Awareness about malaria
 Yes 57 54.80% 0.1
 No 47 45.20%  
Diseases suffering by rice farmers
 Malaria 93 89.42% 0.001
 Yellow fever 5 4.80%  
 Schistosomiases 29 27.88%  
 Athlete foot 11 10.57%  
Causes of Malaria
 Mosquito bites 89 85.57% 0.001
 Hardwork 16 15.38%  
 Sun 20 19.23%  
 Dirty water consumption 41 39.42%  
 Oil consumption 15 14.42%  
 Witchcraft 3 2.88%  
Sign of malaria
 Fever 83 79.80% 0.001
 Headache 18 17.30%  
 Vomiting 61 58.65%  
 Diarrhoea 22 21.15%  
 Other 30 28.84%  
Mosquitoes breeding areas
 Dirty stagnant water 93 89.42% 0.001
 Bushes 38 36.53%  
 Rice field 5 4.80%  
 Others 3 2.88%  
Mosquito larvae known
 Yes 9 8.65% 0.00001
 No 95 91.34%  
Period of mosquito abundance
 Rainy season 68 65.38% 0.01
 Dry season 9 8.65%  
 During rice cultivation 59 56.73%  
 Don’t know 1 0.96%