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Table 4 Type and use of malaria risk map included in the most recent National Malaria Strategic Plan by country

From: How useful are malaria risk maps at the country level? Perceptions of decision-makers in Kenya, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo

Type of risk map Source of data Map resolution Main use of the map in the NMSP Use for targeting
Kenya: NMSP 2019–2023
 Modelled PfPR map (geostatistical modelling) Multiple surveys and studies combined with environmental data Second- level administrative division (sub-counties) To show the epidemiological stratification: endemic areas (lake and coast), seasonal malaria transmission areas, malaria epidemic prone areas (western highlands of Kenya) and low risk malaria areas Maps were used to identify epidemic and epidemic-prone areas where LLINs were to be delivered by mass distribution and routine channels at ANC; to identify zones where to implement IRS (lake endemic areas) and IPTp (lake and coastal endemic regions); and to identify zones where installing buffer stocks of case management commodities and IRS (epidemic prone areas) was appropriate
Malawi: NMSP 2017–2022
 Descriptive incidence map (cases per 1000 population) Routine HIMS 2011–2015 Second-level administrative division level (Districts) To show variation in incidence across districts and decline in incidence from 2011 to 2015 Maps were used to identify highly endemic districts where to implement IRS interventions
DRC: NMSP 2016-2020
 Descriptive PfPR map DHS survey 2013–2014 First-level administrative division (by the 26 new provinces created in late 2015) To show the malaria pre-elimination, control-consolidation and control intensification areas A maps was used to identify areas where LLINs were to be additionally distributed through schools (areas with prevalence > 30%, also defined as tropical regions) and areas where to implement IRS (in pre-elimination and urban areas in North Kivu and Kinshasa)