Skip to main content

Table 6 Factors affecting release of parasite antigens into urine and saliva

From: Evaluating the potential of using urine and saliva specimens for malaria diagnosis in suspected patients in Ghana

Sample type Urine specimen Saliva specimen
PfHRP2/pLDH Positive n (%) Negative n (%) Positive n (%) Negative n (%)
Occult blood in saliva
 Present n (%) NA NA 189 (95.0) 10 (5.0)
 Absent n (%) NA NA 28 (15.4) 154 (84.6)
Micro-haematuria
 Present n (%) 112 (100.0) 0 (0.0) NA NA
 Absent n (%) 22 (8.2) 247 (91.8) NA NA
Temperature (°C)
 37.5–38.0 n (%) 7 (8.9) 71 (91.0) 15 (19.2) 63 (80.7)
 38.1–39.0 n (%) 13 (10.0) 117 (90.0) 46 (35.4) 84 (64.6)
 > 39.0 n (%) 114 (65.9) 59 (34.1) 156 (90.2) 17 (9.8)
  1. NA not applicable