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Table 3 Sociodemographic and risk factors associated with falciparum malaria among schoolchildren in Bajil district, Hodeidah governorate, Yemen (2017–2018)

From: Uncomplicated falciparum malaria among schoolchildren in Bajil district of Hodeidah governorate, west of Yemen: association with anaemia and underweight

Variable N Falciparum malaria positivity
n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
 Male 231 19 (8.2) 1.1 (0.52–2.24) 0.846
 Female 169 13 (7.7) Reference
Age (years)
 < 10 78 7 (9.0) 1.2 (0.49–2.82) 0.724
 ≥ 10 322 25 (7.8) Reference
Residence
 Rural 200 17 (8.5) 1.1 (0.56–2.36) 0.713
 Urban 200 15 (7.5) Reference
Sleeping under a mosquito net during the night preceding the survey
 Yes 137 10 (7.3) Reference 0.710
 No 263 22 (8.4) 0.9 (0.40–1.89)
Indoor residual spraying in the past 6 months
 Yes 180 15 (8.3) Reference 0.824
 No 220 17 (7.7) 1.1 (0.53–2.24)
Wire screening of windows
 Yes 82 3 (3.7) Reference 0.105
 No 318 29 (9.1) 0.4 (0.12–1.28)
Residence in proximity to water collectionsa
 Yes 171 20 (11.7) 2.4 (1.14–5.05) 0.022
 No 229 12 (5.2) Reference
  1. N number examined; n number positive; OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval
  2. aAn independent predictor of falciparum malaria among schoolchildren using multivariable logistic regression analysis (AOR = 2.6, 95.0% CI 1.20–5.72; p = 0.016)