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Table 2 Knowledge of malaria aetiology among community and UMPs

From: Unlicensed medical practitioners in tribal dominated rural areas of central India: bottleneck in malaria elimination

VariablesHouseholds (N = 1010)UMPs (N = 140)
n (%)n (%)
Main symptoms of malaria
 Fever with chills & rigor932 (92.3)130 (92.9)
 Headache, bodyache895 (88.6)124 (88.6)
 Vomiting, nausea830 (82.2)131 (93.6)
 Unconsciousness05 (3.6)
 Diarrhoea268 (26.5)0
 Cold & cough, throat sore, runny nose535 (53.0)0
 Jaundice86 (8.5)4 (2.9)
Mode of transmission of malaria
 Mosquito bite causes malaria409 (40.5)110 (78.6)
 Other fly, bedbug, contaminated food/water etc.601 (59.5)30 (21.4)
Mosquito breeding place
 Mud, swamp, cow dung455 (45.0)78 (55.7)
 Water390 (38.6)62 (44.3)
 Forest, shrubs165 (16.3)0
Preventive measures
 Sleeping under bednet571 (56.5)47 (33.7)
 Elimination of mosquito breeding places86 (19.6)93 (66.3)
 Smoke burning leaves and cow dung661 (65.4)27 (19.3)
 Mosquito repellent like coil cake13 (1.3)109 (77.9)
 Indoor residual spray with insecticide289 (28.6)11 (7.9)
Common ailments in the area
 Fever875 (86.6)136 (97.1)
 Cold & cough635 (62.9)35 (25.0)
 Diarrhoea578 (57.2)57 (40.7)
 Skin disease166 (16.4)11 (7.9)
 Tuberculosis104 (10.3)8 (5.7)
 Eye disease29 (2.9)0
 Jaundice226 (22.4)2 (1.4)
 Other (typhoid, viral fever)154 (15.2)15 (10.7)
Malaria a serious health problem755 (74.8)128 (91.4)
Malaria is fatal724 (71.7)131 (93.6)
Species of human malaria parasite
 P. falciparum115 (82.1)
 P. vivax15 (10.7)
 P. malariae0
 P. ovale0
 P. knowlesi0
 P. falciparum and P. vivax10 (7.2)
 Wrong answer i.e. filaria, dengue etc.9 (6.4)
Most common species in the area
 P. falciparum only124 (88.6)
 P. vivax only3 (2.1)
 P. falciparum and P. vivax both4 (2.9)
 Wrong answer i.e. filaria, dengue etc.9 (6.4)
Methods for malaria diagnosis
 Blood test by RDT only2 (1.4)
 Blood test by microscopy only2 (1.4)
 Blood test by RDT and microscopy both136 (97.1)
  1. –: not collected from household at community level