Skip to main content

Table 4 Potential risk factors of anemia among pregnant women surveyed at the household level in Burkina Faso in 2013/2014

From: Asymptomatic malaria and anaemia among pregnant women during high and low malaria transmission seasons in Burkina Faso: household-based cross-sectional surveys in Burkina Faso, 2013 and 2017

Potential factors N Anemia cases Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
PR (95% CI) p Adj. PR (95% CI) p
Asymptomatic malaria     < 0.001a   < 0.001a
 No 1436 479 1   1  
 Yes 271 133 1.34 (1.22–1.48)   1.31 (1.18–1.44)  
Age     0.21   0.42
 ≥ 30 468 153 1   1  
 20–30 859 305 1.07 (0.96–1.19)   1.10 (0.98–1.23)  
 ≤ 20 380 154 1.12 (0.99–1.27)   1.19 (1.00–1.41)  
Trimester of pregnancy      < 0.001a    < 0.001a
 First 404 239 1   1  
 Second 731 343 0.79 (0.71–0.89)   0.81 (0.72–0.90)  
 Third 573 324 0.96 (0.86–1.07)   0.97 (0.87–1.08)  
Parity     0.99   0.28
 Multigravida 1039 360 1   1  
 Secundigravida 354 130 1.00 (0.89–1.12)   0.89 (0.76–1.05)  
 Primigravida 314 122 1.00 (0.89–1.13)   0.92 (0.82–1.05)  
Insecticide-treated nets     0.41   0.38
 At least one 1650 589 1   1  
 No insecticide-treated nets 57 23 0.89 (0.67–1.17)   0.87 (0.66–1.15)  
Education     0.56   0.48
 No education 1696 608 1   1  
 Educated 11 4 1.21 (0.82–1.80)   1.19 (0.75–1.90)  
Household socioeconomic     0.75   0.67
 Middle quintile 351 132 1   1  
 Poorest 300 101 0.95 (0.82–1.10)   0.95 (0.82–1.09)  
 Poor 364 143 1.03 (0.90–1.17)   1.04 (0.91–1.18)  
 Rich 338 133 1.02 (0.89–1.17)   1.02 (0.89–1.17)  
 Richest 354 103 0.95 (0.83–1.10)   0.95 (0.83–1.09)  
Place of residence     0.27   0.27
 Rural 1586 568 1   1  
 Urban 121 44 0.90 (0.74–1.09)   0.89 (0.73–1.08)  
Malaria season     0.001a   0.008a
 Low season 1222 400 1   1  
 High season 485 212 1.18 (1.07–1.29)   1.13 (1.03–1.24)  
  1. PR prevalence ratio, Adj. adjusted,a significant at the 0.05 level