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Table 1 Characteristics of the malaria patients and their close contacts (family and neighbours)

From: Drug resistance profile and clonality of Plasmodium falciparum parasites in Cape Verde: the 2017 malaria outbreak

Variables
n (%)
Malaria cases
(n = 131)
Close contacts
(n = 137)
p
Age in years (Mean ± SD) 32.4 ± 15.3 40.3 ± 18.6  < 0.001
Median (Min–Max) 30 (3–86) 39 (1–83)
Gender n (%)     < 0.001
 Male 86 (65.6) 37 (27.0)  
 Female 45 (34.4) 100 (73.0)  
Marital status n (%)     < 0.001
 Single 96 (73.3) 66 (48.9)  
 Married 12 (9.2) 25 (18.5)  
 Civil union 23 (17.6) 38 (28.1)  
 Divorced/widowed 0 (0.0) 6 (4.4)  
Nationality n (%)    1.000
 Cape Verde 130 (99.2) 135 (98.5)  
 Other 1 (0.8) 2 (1.5)  
Professional status n (%)    0.150
 Unemployed 18 (13.8) 18 (13.4)  
 Primary sector 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0)  
 Secondary sector 5 (3.8) 11 (8.2)  
 Tertiary sector 74 (56.9) 79 (59.0)  
 Retired 1 (0.8) 5 (3.7)  
 Student 31 (23.8) 21 (15.7)  
History of malaria n (%)    1.000
 Yes 2 (1.2) 3 (2.2)  
 No 129 (98.5) 133 (97.8)  
Length of hospital stay in days   
Median (P25-P75) 4 (3–4)  
(Min–Max) (3–30)*  
  1. * Hospital stay was extended in some patients, based in individual clinical evaluation