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Table 2 Clinical patterns of P. falciparum infection among 265 infected patients receiving treatment at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases between 2015 and 2018

From: Predictors of treatment failures of plasmodium falciparum malaria in Vietnam: a 4-year single‐centre retrospective study

Characteristics Summary statisticsa
Signs and symptoms  
 Fever on admission 99.6 (264)
 Anaemia 0.8 (2)
 Splenomegaly 3 (8)
 Hepatomegaly 10.2 (27)
Severe malaria 21.9 (58)
Manifestations of severe malaria (n = 58)  
 Single manifestations 77.6 (45)
 Shock 8.6 (5)
 Acute kidney failure 6.9 (4)
 Impaired consciousness* 20.7 (12)
 Jaundice 24.1 (14)
 Anaemia 6.9 (4)
 Haemoglobinuria 1.7 (1)
 Acidosis 1.7 (1)
 Hyperparasitaemia 6.9 (4)
 Prostration 0
 Convulsions 0
 Hypoglycaemia 0
 Bleeding 0
 Mixed manifestations (i.e., patients had more than one severe manifestation) 22.4 (13)
Receiving treatment at previous hospital 31.7 (84)
Diagnosis at previous hospital (n = 84)  
 Malaria 78.6 (66)
 Others (i.e., dengue infection and septicaemia) 21.4 (18)
Number of days of illness > 7 days at the time of admission (days) 25.3 (67)
Number of days of illness at the time of admission (days) 6.6 ± 5.1
AST > 40 U/L 31.3 (83)
Highest AST recorded (U/L) (n = 83) 99.6 ± 98.8
ALT > 40 U/L 30.2 (80)
Highest ALT recorded (U/L) (n = 80) 98.1 ± 60.2
  1. a%(N) for categorical variables and Mean ± SD for continuous variables
  2. * Glasgow coma score < 11 in adults. There were 19 children patients in this study and none of them had impaired consciousness