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Table 1 Socio-demographic data of respondents, households and malaria control measures in Pos Kuala Betis, Gua Musang District, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia in 2019

From: Perceptions and prevention practices on malaria among the indigenous Orang Asli community in Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia

Characteristic Overall Angkek Betak Sri Galas Lambok Podek
Total number of surveyed households 208 65 17 40 55 31
Total populationa, N 941 154 100 208 198 281
Total number of respondents, n (%) 536 (57) 111 (72) 42 (42) 100 (48) 132 (66.7) 151 (53.7)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 213 (39.7) 58 (52.3) 14 (33.3) 40 (40) 43 (32.6) 58 (38.4)
 Female 323 (60.3) 53 (47.7) 28 (66.7) 60 (60) 89 (67.4) 93 (61.6)
Age, mean (SD), years 26.4 ± 17.1 26.1 ± 15.8 29 ± 18.3 27.4 ± 16.7 27.3 ± 18.5 24.5 ± 16.7
 Age group, n (%), years
 6–18 220 (41) 44 (39.7) 17 (40.5) 38 (38) 53 (40.2) 68 (45)
 19–40 212 (39.6) 49 (44.1) 14 (33.3) 38 (38) 54 (40.9) 57 (37.8)
  > 40 104 (19.4) 18 (16.2) 11 (26.2) 24 (24) 25 (18.9) 26 (17.2)
Occupationb
 Housewife 123 (35.6) 22 (36) 7 (21.9) 34 (50) 39 (30) 21 (38.9)
 Student 78 (22.6) 2 (3.3) 9 (28.1) 6 (8.8) 50 (38.5) 11 (20.4)
 Agricultural sector 64 (18.6) 18 (29.5) 6 (18.8) 14 (20.6) 21 (16.2) 5 (9.3)
 Labourer 49 (14.2) 17 (27.9) 7 (21.9) 4 (5.9) 8 (6.1) 13 (24)
 Formal employment 19 (5.5) 2 (3.3) 2 (6.2) 8 (11.8) 3 (2.3) 4 (7.4)
 Unemployed 12 (3.5) 0 (0) 1 (3.1) 2 (2.9) 9 (6.9) 0 (0)
Workplacec, n (%)
 Village 202 (79.2) 43 (72.9) 16 (72.7) 50 (83.3) 64 (90.1) 29 (67.4)
 Town 53 (20.8) 16 (27.1) 6 (27.3) 10 (16.7) 7 (9.9) 14 (32.6)
Type of floors in the housed, n (%)
 Cement 83 (39.9) 32 (49.2) 4 (23.5) 22 (55) 9 (16.4) 16 (51.6)
 Wood 98 (47.1) 21 (32.3) 11 (64.7) 17 (42.5) 40 (72.7) 9 (29)
 Bamboo 27 (13.0) 12 (18.5) 2 (11.8) 1 (2.5) 6 (10.9) 6 (19.4)
Type of roofs of the housed, n (%)
 Thatch 17 (8.2) 12 (18.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.8) 4 (12.9)
 Corrugated zinc 191 (91.8) 53 (81.5) 17 (100) 40 (100) 54 (98.2) 27 (87.1)
Type of walls in the housed, n (%)
 Cement 82 (39.4) 32 (49.2) 5 (29.4) 21 (52.5) 8 (14.5) 16 (51.6)
 Wood 97 (46.6) 21 (32.3) 10 (58.8) 18 (45) 41 (74.5) 7 (22.6)
 Bamboo 29 (14) 12 (18.5) 2 (11.8) 1 (2.5) 6 (10.9) 8 (25.8)
LLIN ownership, n (%)
 Yes 478 (89.2) 103 (92.8) 35 (83.3) 80 (80) 118 (89.4) 142 (94)
 No 58 (10.8) 8 (7.2) 7 (16.7) 20 (20) 14 (10.6) 9 (6)
LLIN utilization/week, n (%)
 Every night 455 (95.2) 97 (94.2) 32 (91.4) 66 (82.5) 118 (100) 142 (100)
  > 5 nights 2 (0.4) 0 (0) 2 (5.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 3–5 nights 5 (1) 3 (2.9) 1 (2.9) 1 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  < 3 nights 16 (3.4) 3 (2.9) 0 (0) 13 (16.3) 0 (0) 0 (0)
IRS within the last 12 months, n (%)
 Yes 208 (100) 65 (100) 17 (100) 40 (100) 55 (100) 31 (100)
 No 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. aCensus from the Demographic Surveillance System of District Health Office Gua Musang
  2. bTotal of 345 respondents has no data on occupation
  3. cTotal of 245 respondents has no data on workplace
  4. LLIN, Long-lasting insecticide bet net; IRS, Indoor residual spraying; SD, Standard deviation