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Table 3 Level of knowledge about malaria

From: Malaria prevention knowledge, attitudes, and practices in Zambezia Province, Mozambique

Type of Knowledge Male Female OR 95% CI Total
N = 317 (%) N = 456 (%) N = 773 (%)
Reported cause of malaria transmission
 Mosquito bite 271 85.5 374 83.4 1.68 1.20–2.34* 645 83.4
 Garbage/dirt near the house 84 26.5 135 29.6 1.17 0.84–1.61 219 28.3
 Others (fleas/lice) 49 15.5 67 14.7 0.94 0.63–1.41 116 15.0
 Does not know 17 5.4 31 6.8 1.28 0.70–2.36 48 6.2
Recognition of symptoms
 Body pain 124 39.1 156 34.2 0.81 0.60–1.08 280 36.2
 Headaches 155 48.9 222 48.7 0.99 0.74–1.32 377 48.8
 Joint pain 74 23.3 133 29.2 1.36 0.97–1.88* 207 26.8
 Diarrhoea 39 12.3 86 18.9 1.66 1.10–2.49* 125 16.2
 Vomit 46 14.5 114 25.0 1.96 1.34–2.86* 160 20.7
 Lack of appetite 49 15.5 80 17.5 1.16 0.79–1.71* 129 16.7
 Cough 5 1.6 7 1.5 0.97 0.30–3.09 12 1.6
 Nasal congestion 1 0.3 1 0.2 0.69 0.04–11.1 2 0.3
 Does not know 9 2.8 21 4.6 1.65 0.74–3.65 30 3.9
Reported malaria preventive measures
 Burn leaves/eucalyptus 14 4.4 40 8.8 2.08 1.12–3.89* 54 7.0
 Insecticide serpentine/spray 4 1.3 20 4.4 3.63 1.23–10.7* 24 3.1
 Mosquito net 241 76.0 319 70.0 0.73 0.53–1.01* 558 72.2
 Repellent 3 0.9 11 2.4 2.59 0.71–9.35 14 1.8
 Burn garbage 112 35.3 156 34.2 0.95 0.70–1.28 268 34.7
 Traditional treatment 3 0.9 6 1.3% 1.39 0.34–5.62 9 1.2
 Improve home hygiene 79 24.9 109 23.9 0.95 0.67–1.32 188 24.3
 Spraying/fumigate the house 8 2.5% 25 5.5 2.24 0,99–5.30* 33 4.3
 Improve individual hygiene 16 5.0% 15 3.3 0.65 0.31–1.31 31 4.0
 None/does not know 23 7.3% 42 9.2 1.29 0.76–2.20 65 8.4
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. * Significant association (p < 0.05)