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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic and household variables of adults ≥ 45 years in India, LASI-1 (2017–2018)

From: Socio-economic and household determinants of malaria in adults aged 45 and above: analysis of longitudinal ageing survey in India, 2017–2018

Variables n %
Malaria 5589 7.9
Age group (44–54 years) 28,754 40.7
 55–69 years 28,579 40.4
 ≥ 70 years 13,338 18.9
Sex (female) 40,877 57.8
 Male 29,795 42.2
Residence (rural) 48,921 69.2
 Urban 21,750 30.8
MPCE quintile (poorest) 14,790 20.9
 Poorer 15,023 21.3
 Middle 14,268 20.2
 Richer 13,781 19.5
  Richest 12,809 18.1
Education (0 school years) 35,081 49.6
 1–5 school years 12,334 17.5
 6–12 school years 18,883 26.7
 College 4372 6.2
Caste (SC) 13,612 20.0
 ST 6033 8.9
 OBC 31,530 46.3
 Forward 16,924 24.9
Main job (not woking) 35,590 50.1
 Agricultural and allied 19,961 28.1
 Self-employed 6072 8.55
 Wage/salary worker 9406 13.2
Household-size (1–5 members) 44,815 63.0
 ≥ 6 members 26,319 37.0
Type of house (pucca/semi pucca) 58,912 83.3
 Kutcha 11,834 16.7
Water source (own dwelling/plot/yard) 46,231 68.7
 Outside dwelling 21,056 31.3
Toilet facility (improved sanitation) 51,652 73.4
 Unimproved 18,766 26.7
Cooking fuel (clean) 36,858 52.3
 Unclean 33,559 47.7
Damp wall/ceiling (no) 55,684 79.1
 Yes 14,748 20.9