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Table 2 Prevalence of malaria by socio-demographic and household variables in adults ≥ 45 years in India, LASI-1 (2017–2018)

From: Socio-economic and household determinants of malaria in adults aged 45 and above: analysis of longitudinal ageing survey in India, 2017–2018

Variables n % Total
Age group (44–54 years) 2107 7.3 28,757
 55–69 years 2415 8.4 28,591
 ≥ 70 years 1067 8.0 13,340
Sex (female) 3170 7.8 40,884
 Male 2419 8.1 29,803
Residence (rural) 4717 9.6 48,931
 Urban 873 4.0 21,756
MPCE quintile (poorest) 1366 9.2 14,794
 Poorer 1293 8.6 15,026
 Middle 1072 7.5 14,267
 Richer 972 7.1 13,791
 Richest 885 6.9 12,810
Education (0 school years) 3400 9.7 35,087
 1–5 school years 1049 8.5 12,336
 6–12 school years 1010 5.3 18,890
 College 130 3.0 4373
Caste (SC) 1118 8.2 13,612
 ST 904 15.0 6035
 OBC 2387 7.6 31,542
 Forward 1086 6.4 16,927
Main job (not working) 2691 7.6 35,369
 Agricultural and allied 2076 10.5 19,837
 Self-employed 331 5.5 6043
 Wage/salary worker 485 5.2 9333
Household-size (1–5 members) 3117 7.0 44,571
 ≥ 6 Members 2472 9.5 26,116
Type of house (pucca/semi pucca) 4166 7.1 58,552
 Kutcha 1402 11.9 11,751
Water source (own dwelling/plot/yard) 3236 7.0 45969
 Outside dwelling 2214 10.6 20897
Toilet facility (Improved sanitation) 3374 6.5 51663
 Unimproved 2204 11.7 18771
Cooking fuel (clean) 1828 5.0 36875
 Unclean 3751 11.2 33557
Damp wall/ceiling (No) 4160 7.5 55684
 Yes 1419 9.6 14748