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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants at Tongogara Refugee Camp, Chipinge District, Zimbabwe, 2021

From: Factors associated with a malaria outbreak at Tongogara refugee camp in Chipinge District, Zimbabwe, 2021: a case–control study

Variable Category Cases Controls p-value
n = 80 % n = 80 %
Sex Male 47 59 43 54 0.463
  Female 33 41 37 46  
Age (years)  ≤ 5 years 12 15 10 12 0.693
   > 5 years 67 84 67 84  
  Age not known 1 1 3 4  
   Median age = 15
Q1 = 9; Q3 = 26
Median age = 17
Q1 = 10; Q3 = 30
0.755
Country of origin Mozambique 36 45 36 45 0.97
  DRC 29 36 27 34  
  Zimbabwe 6 8 5 6  
  Burundi 4 5 5 6  
  Rwanda 3 4 3 4  
  Other 2 2 4 5  
Level of education None 19 24 23 29 0.017
  Primary 45 56 30 37  
  Secondary 9 11 23 29  
  Tertiary 7 9 4 5  
Occupation None 61 76 52 65 0.295
  Farming 9 11 13 16  
  Shop attendant 4 5 2 3  
  Other 6 8 13 16  
Period of residence in the camp (years) 2–5 57 71 56 70 0.233
6–10 10 13 11 13  
  11–15 8 10 9 11  
  16–20 5 6 5 6