Volume 9 Supplement 2

Parasite to Prevention: Advances in the understanding of malaria

Open Access

The relationship between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia

  • Dewi Susanna1 and
  • Tris Eryando2
Malaria Journal20109(Suppl 2):P50

https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-S2-P50

Published: 20 October 2010

Backgound

Malaria is still become a serious health problem in Indonesia. The spread of malaria cases are depend on many factors, such as area characteristics or ecological factors. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia.

Methods

The study was conducted in coastal region the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia, using crossectional design. This research had got the subject 170 in total included cases and non-cases. The case detection based on the microscopy examination. Then, the subjects were asked using a structured questionnaire consisted of 22 questions regarding the knowledge, perception, and practice everything about malaria. The obtained data was managed based on the median of the all answers and then categorized as good and bad knowledge. The collected data analyzed using χ2 test and spatial analyses using nearest neighbours by Thiessen polygons analysis [1].

Results

There was no significant relationship (p > 0.05) between the variables of general knowledge, malaria transmission, malaria prevention with number of cases and non-cases. The knowledge on malaria transmission did not have relationship with malaria incidence (Table 1). From the polygon analysis seemed the distribution of malaria cases and no cases appeared evenly spread throughout the area of research.
Table 1

The Relationship between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia

 

Malaria

   

Variable

Case

Non Case

Total

p value

OR (CI 95%)

General Knowledge

     

Bad

15

65

so;

  

Good

11

79

90

0,23

1,66 (0,66-4,19

Total

26

144

170

  

Transmission

     

Bad Knowledge

18

111

129

  

Good Knowledge

8

33

41

0,389

0,67 (0,25-1,86)

Total

26

144

170

  

Prevention

     

Bad Knowledge

20

113

133

  

Good Knowledge

6

31

37

0,860

0,93 (0,40-2,14)

Total

26

144

170

  

OR, Odds ratio; CI, Confidence Interval 95 %

Conclusion

There were not the differences between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region. The cases and non cases distribution seemed spread evenly.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
(2)
Department Biostatistic and Health Informatics, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia

References

  1. Lloyd CD: Boca Raton: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. Local model for spatial analysis. 2007, 94:Google Scholar

Copyright

© Susanna and Eryando; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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