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  • The relationship between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia

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    Malaria Journal20109 (Suppl 2) :P50

    https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-S2-P50

    • Published:

    Keywords

    • Malaria
    • Microscopy Examination
    • Coastal Region
    • Spatial Analysis
    • Malaria Transmission

    Backgound

    Malaria is still become a serious health problem in Indonesia. The spread of malaria cases are depend on many factors, such as area characteristics or ecological factors. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia.

    Methods

    The study was conducted in coastal region the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia, using crossectional design. This research had got the subject 170 in total included cases and non-cases. The case detection based on the microscopy examination. Then, the subjects were asked using a structured questionnaire consisted of 22 questions regarding the knowledge, perception, and practice everything about malaria. The obtained data was managed based on the median of the all answers and then categorized as good and bad knowledge. The collected data analyzed using χ2 test and spatial analyses using nearest neighbours by Thiessen polygons analysis [1].

    Results

    There was no significant relationship (p > 0.05) between the variables of general knowledge, malaria transmission, malaria prevention with number of cases and non-cases. The knowledge on malaria transmission did not have relationship with malaria incidence (Table 1). From the polygon analysis seemed the distribution of malaria cases and no cases appeared evenly spread throughout the area of research.
    Table 1

    The Relationship between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region of Batam City in Indonesia

     

    Malaria

       

    Variable

    Case

    Non Case

    Total

    p value

    OR (CI 95%)

    General Knowledge

         

    Bad

    15

    65

    so;

      

    Good

    11

    79

    90

    0,23

    1,66 (0,66-4,19

    Total

    26

    144

    170

      

    Transmission

         

    Bad Knowledge

    18

    111

    129

      

    Good Knowledge

    8

    33

    41

    0,389

    0,67 (0,25-1,86)

    Total

    26

    144

    170

      

    Prevention

         

    Bad Knowledge

    20

    113

    133

      

    Good Knowledge

    6

    31

    37

    0,860

    0,93 (0,40-2,14)

    Total

    26

    144

    170

      

    OR, Odds ratio; CI, Confidence Interval 95 %

    Conclusion

    There were not the differences between knowledge of malaria transmission and malaria prevention and the risk of malaria infection in the coastal region. The cases and non cases distribution seemed spread evenly.

    Declarations

    This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Authors’ Affiliations

    (1)
    Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok Campus, Indonesia, 16424
    (2)
    Department Biostatistic and Health Informatics, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok Campus, Indonesia, 16424

    References

    1. Lloyd CD: Boca Raton: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. Local model for spatial analysis. 2007, 94:Google Scholar

    Copyright

    © Susanna and Eryando; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

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