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Natural infection of Plasmodium falciparum induces inhibitory antibodies to gametocyte development in human hosts
Malaria Journal volume 9, Article number: P53 (2010)
Gametocyte antigens of Plasmodium falciparum can induce immunity in patients from which further inhibits fertilization of gametes, and consequently oocyst production in the mosquito midgut . Here, we determined naturally-induced antibodies from malaria patients in Thailand and clarified effect of the antibodies on gametocyte development. Sixty-one percent of P. falciparum-infected blood fed to female Anopheles mosquitoes showed no oocyst production. Twenty-six percent of these oocyst inhibitory plasma distorted morphology and hampered maturity of the gametocytes (Fig.1). A possible mechanism of the gametocyte inhibitory activity was shown by binding of the plasma antibodies to the live immature intraerythrocytic gametocytes during co-cultivation period.
Anti-gametocyte antibodies were elicited during natural malaria infection. The oocyst inhibitory antibodies diffused to and interacted with developing intraerythrocytic gametocytes and reduced number of stage II to V gametocytes, and hampered their maturation. Therefore the alternative development of transmission blocking vaccine in the high transmission area should focus on the identification of the gametocyte antigens inducing inhibitory antibodies to reduce gametocytemia.
Bousema JT, Drakeley CJ, Sauerwein RW: Sexual stage antibody responses to P. falciparum in endemic populations. Curr Mol Med. 2006, 6: 223-229. 10.2174/156652406776055140.
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Tonwong, N., Sattabongkot, J., Sirichaisinthop, J. et al. Natural infection of Plasmodium falciparum induces inhibitory antibodies to gametocyte development in human hosts. Malar J 9, P53 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-S2-P53
- Plasmodium Falciparum
- Malaria Infection
- Malaria Patient
- Anopheles Mosquito