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  1. A high prevalence of spherocytes was detected in blood smears of children enrolled in a case control study conducted in the malaria holoendemic Lake Victoria basin. It was speculated that the spherocytes refle...

    Authors: Samuel B Anyona, Stanley L Schrier, Charity W Gichuki and John N Waitumbi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:64
  2. Malaria prevention programmes should be based in part on knowledge of why some individuals use bednets while others do not. This paper identifies factors and characteristics of women that affect bednet use amo...

    Authors: Natalie De La Cruz, Benjamin Crookston, Kirk Dearden, Bobbi Gray, Natasha Ivins, Stephen Alder and Robb Davis
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:61
  3. Effective management of malaria in children under the age of 5 requires mothers to seek, obtain, and use medication appropriately. This is linked to timely decision, accessibility, correct use of the drugs and...

    Authors: Elfatih Mohamed Malik, Kamal Hanafi, Salah Hussein Ali, Eldirdieri Salim Ahmed and Khalid Awad Mohamed
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:60
  4. A six-dose antimalarial regimen of artemether-lumefantrine (A/L) may soon become one of the most widely used drug combination in Africa, despite possible constraints with adherence and poor absorption due to i...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, Patrice Piola, Carole Fogg, Francis Bajunirwe, Samuel Biraro, Francesco Grandesso, Eugene Ruzagira, Joseph Babigumira, Isaac Kigozi, James Kiguli, Juliet Kyomuhendo, Laurent Ferradini, Walter RJ Taylor and Jean-Paul Guthmann
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:59
  5. The current malaria control strategy of WHO centres on early diagnosis and prompt treatment using effective drugs. Children with severe malaria are often brought late to health facilities and traditional healt...

    Authors: Emmanuel A Makundi, Hamisi M Malebo, Paulo Mhame, Andrew Y Kitua and Marian Warsame
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:58
  6. Molecular markers of insecticide resistance can provide sensitive indicators of resistance development in malaria vector populations. Monitoring of insecticide resistance in vector populations is an important ...

    Authors: Manisha A Kulkarni, Mark Rowland, Michael Alifrangis, Frank W Mosha, Johnson Matowo, Robert Malima, Justin Peter, Eliningaya Kweka, Issa Lyimo, Stephen Magesa, Ali Salanti, Manfred E Rau and Chris Drakeley
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:56
  7. As malaria becomes increasingly drug resistant and more costly to treat, there is increasing urgency to develop effective vaccines. In comparison to other stages of the malaria lifecycle, sexual stage antigens...

    Authors: Jack S Richards, Nicholas J MacDonald and Damon P Eisen
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:55
  8. In Ethiopia, malaria is caused by both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Drug resistance of P. falciparum to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and chloroquine (CQ) is frequent and intense in some areas.

    Authors: Mirjam Schunk, Wondimagegn P Kumma, Isabel Barreto Miranda, Maha E Osman, Susanne Roewer, Abraham Alano, Thomas Löscher, Ulrich Bienzle and Frank P Mockenhaupt
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:54
  9. Cellular interactions elicited by Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein antigen 1 (PfEMP1) are brought about by multiple DBL (Duffy binding like), CIDR (cysteine-rich interdomain region) and C2 domai...

    Authors: Sanjay Ahuja, Satpal Ahuja, Qijun Chen and Mats Wahlgren
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:52
  10. During the Soviet era, malaria was close to eradication in Tajikistan. Since the early 1990s, the disease has been on the rise and has become endemic in large areas of southern and western Tajikistan. The stan...

    Authors: Cornelia E Rebholz, Anette J Michel, Daniel A Maselli, Karimov Saipphudin and Kaspar Wyss
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:51
  11. A reduction in the therapeutic efficacy of chloroquine (CQ) and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) has recently been observed in Burkina Faso. As these two drugs are used in pregnancy, their efficacy in pregnant ...

    Authors: Sheick Oumar Coulibaly, Désiré Nezien, Salifou Traoré, Bibiane Koné and Pascal Magnussen
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:49
  12. A large investment is required to develop, license and deploy a new antimalarial drug. Too often, that investment has been rapidly devalued by the selection of parasite populations resistant to the drug action...

    Authors: Carol Hopkins Sibley and Pascal Ringwald
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:48
  13. Reliable mortality data are a prerequisite for planning health interventions, yet such data are often not available in developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Demographic surveillance s...

    Authors: Gaël P Hammer, Florent Somé, Olaf Müller, Gisela Kynast-Wolf, Bocar Kouyaté and Heiko Becher
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:47
  14. An estimated 40 % of the population in Benin lives in urban areas. The purpose of the study was to estimate malaria endemicity and the fraction of malaria-attributable fevers in health facilities in Cotonou.

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith, Penelope Vounatsou, Martin Akogbeto and Marcel Tanner
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:45
  15. There is much emphasis on social marketing as a means of scaling up coverage with insecticide-treated nets and the question has arisen whether nets provided free-of-charge will be looked after by householders.

    Authors: CA Maxwell, RT Rwegoshora, SM Magesa and CF Curtis
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:44
  16. The therapeutic efficacy of artesunate plus amodiaquine and artemether/lumefantrine were assessed in an area of Nigeria with high levels of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimet...

    Authors: Martin Meremikwu, Ambrose Alaribe, Regina Ejemot, Angela Oyo-Ita, John Ekenjoku, Chukwuemeka Nwachukwu, Donald Ordu and Emmanuel Ezedinachi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:43
  17. One year ago, the authors of this article reported in this journal on the malaria situation in Sri Lanka prior to the tsunami that hit on 26 December 2004, and estimated the likelihood of a post-tsunami malari...

    Authors: Olivier JT Briët, Gawrie NL Galappaththy, Priyanie H Amerasinghe and Flemming Konradsen
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:42
  18. In 2002, home-based management of fever (HBMF) was introduced in Uganda, to improve access to prompt, effective antimalarial treatment of all fevers in children under 5 years. Implementation is through communi...

    Authors: Jan H Kolaczinski, Naptalis Ojok, John Opwonya, Sylvia Meek and Andrew Collins
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:40
  19. The successful development of odour-baited trapping systems for mosquitoes depends on the identification of behaviourally active semiochemicals, besides the design and operating principles of such devices. A l...

    Authors: Basilio N Njiru, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Willem Takken and Bart GJ Knols
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:39
  20. Malaria remains a major public health threat to more than 600 million Africans and its control is recognized as critical to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The greatest burden of malaria in Africa ...

    Authors: Emily K Grover-Kopec, M Benno Blumenthal, Pietro Ceccato, Tufa Dinku, Judy A Omumbo and Stephen J Connor
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:38
  21. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are an effective and cost-effective means of malaria control. Scaling-up coverage of ITNs is challenging. It requires substantial resources and there are a number of strategies ...

    Authors: Jan Kolaczinski and Kara Hanson
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:37
  22. As efforts are currently underway to roll-out insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) to populations within malarious areas in Africa, there is an unprecedented need for data to measure the effectiveness of such pr...

    Authors: Thomas P Eisele, Kate Macintyre, Josh Yukich and Tewolde Ghebremeskel
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:36
  23. The associations between the immatures of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae), its M and S forms, and Anopheles arabiensis among and within larval breeding habitats in Banambani, Mali were investigated un...

    Authors: Frances E Edillo, Frederic Tripét, Yeya T Touré, Gregory C Lanzaro, Guimogo Dolo and Charles E Taylor
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:35
  24. Because of its dramatic public health impact, Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine (CQ) has been documented early on. Chloroquine-resistance (CQR) emerged in the late 1950's independently in South East...

    Authors: Frédéric Ariey, Thierry Fandeur, Remy Durand, Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia, Ronan Jambou, Eric Legrand, Marie Thérèse Ekala, Christiane Bouchier, Sandrine Cojean, Jean Bernard Duchemin, Vincent Robert, Jacques Le Bras and Odile Mercereau-Puijalon
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:34
  25. Malaria is a huge public health problem in Africa that is responsible for more than one million deaths annually. In line with the Roll Back Malaria initiative and the Abuja Declaration, Eritrea and other Afric...

    Authors: Peter M Nyarango, Tewolde Gebremeskel, Goitom Mebrahtu, Jacob Mufunda, Usman Abdulmumini, Andom Ogbamariam, Andrew Kosia, Andemariam Gebremichael, Disanayike Gunawardena, Yohannes Ghebrat and Yahannes Okbaldet
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:33
  26. Malaria has come near eradication at archipelago of Cabo Verde in 1970. Infections are now only observed in Santiago, where outbreaks occur. In these islands, malaria is considered by the international communi...

    Authors: Joana Alves, Ana Luísa Roque, Pedro Cravo, Tomás Valdez, Tomas Jelinek, Virgílio E do Rosário and Ana Paula Arez
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:32
  27. Malaria vaccine efficacy may be compromised if the frequency of non-target alleles increases following vaccination with a genetically polymorphic target. Methods are needed to monitor genetic diversity in poly...

    Authors: Shannon L Takala, David L Smith, O Colin Stine, Drissa Coulibaly, Mahamadou A Thera, Ogobara K Doumbo and Christopher V Plowe
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:31
  28. The fixed dose combination atovaquone-proguanil is a recently introduced antimalarial for treatment and prophylaxis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. It is highly effective with a good tolerability profile and a ...

    Authors: Sónia Pimentel, Fátima Nogueira, Carla Benchimol, Vatúsia Quinhentos, Joana Bom, Luís Varandas, Virgílio do Rosário and Luís Bernardino
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:30
  29. Currently, there is a significant lack of knowledge concerning urban malaria patterns in general and in Abidjan in particular. The prevalence of malaria, its distribution in the city and the fractions of fever...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith, Penelope Vounatsou, Guéladio Cissé and Marcel Tanner
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:29
  30. The study of urban malaria is an area undergoing rapid expansion, after many years of neglect. The problem of over-diagnosis of malaria, especially in low transmission settings including urban areas, is also r...

    Authors: Léon Paul Rabarijaona, Frédéric Ariey, Robert Matra, Sylvie Cot, Andrianavalona Lucie Raharimalala, Louise Henriette Ranaivo, Jacques Le Bras, Vincent Robert and Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:27
  31. Recently global health advocates have called for the introduction of artemisinin-containing antimalarial combination therapies to help curb the impact of drug-resistant malaria in Africa. Retail trade in artem...

    Authors: S Patrick Kachur, Carolyn Black, Salim Abdulla and Catherine Goodman
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:25
  32. Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance represents a major health problem in malaria endemic countries. The mechanisms of resistance are not fully elucidated. Recently, an association between putative transporter g...

    Authors: Sandrine Cojean, Alain Noël, Dimitri Garnier, Véronique Hubert, Jacques Le Bras and Rémy Durand
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:24
  33. The Plasmodium species that infect rodents, particularly Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium yoelii, are useful to investigate host-parasite interactions. The mosquito species that act as vectors of human plasmodia...

    Authors: Friedrich Frischknecht, Beatrice Martin, Isabelle Thiery, Catherine Bourgouin and Robert Menard
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:23
  34. Malaria transmission varies from one country to another and there are also local differences in time and space. An important variable when explaining the variability in transmission is the breeding behaviour o...

    Authors: Jorge Cano, Miguel Ángel Descalzo, Marta Moreno, Zhaoguo Chen, Sisinio Nzambo, Leonardo Bobuakasi, Jesús N Buatiche, Melchor Ondo, Francisco Micha and Agustín Benito
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:21
  35. Malaria is an annual killer of over one million people globally and its essential co-morbidity is anaemia. Cord blood, because of its rich mix of foetal and adult haemoglobin, high platelet and WBC counts, hyp...

    Authors: Niranjan Bhattacharya
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:20
  36. Knowledge of the ecological differences between the molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae and their sibling species, An. arabiensis might lead to understanding their unique contribution to disease transmission and...

    Authors: Alpha S Yaro, Adama Dao, Abdoulaye Adamou, Jacob E Crawford, José MC Ribeiro, Robert Gwadz, Sekou F Traoré and Tovi Lehmann
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:19
  37. Studies of malaria in well-defined cohorts offer important data about the epidemiology of this complex disease, but few have been done in urban African populations. To generate a sampling frame for a longitudi...

    Authors: Jennifer C Davis, Tamara D Clark, Sarah K Kemble, Nalugwa Talemwa, Denise Njama-Meya, Sarah G Staedke and Grant Dorsey
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:18
  38. Malaria cases on the highlands west of Mount Kenya have been noticed since 10 – 20 years ago. It was not clear whether these cases were introduced from the nearby lowland or resulted from local transmission be...

    Authors: Hong Chen, Andrew K Githeko, Guofa Zhou, John I Githure and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:17
  39. Appropriate monitoring of vector resistance to insecticides is an integral component of planning and evaluation of insecticide use in malaria control programmes. The malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Ano...

    Authors: Katrijn Verhaeghen, Wim Van Bortel, Patricia Roelants, Thierry Backeljau and Marc Coosemans
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:16

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