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  1. Anopheles arabiensis, member species of the Anopheles gambiae complex, is the primary vector of malaria and is widely distributed in Ethiopia. Anopheles funestus, Anopheles pharoensis and Anopheles nili are secon...

    Authors: Tebiban Chanyalew, Gadisa Natea, Desalegn Amenu, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Eba Alemayehu Simma
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:125
  2. Malaria is a life-threatening public health problem globally with particularly heavy burden in the sub-Saharan Africa including Sudan. The understanding of feeding preference of malaria vectors on different ho...

    Authors: Omnia Altahir, Hanadi AbdElbagi, Mustafa Abubakr, Emmanuel Edwar Siddig, Ayman Ahmed and Nouh Saad Mohamed
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:124
  3. Despite recent advances in treatment and prevention, the prevalence of cerebral malaria (CM) remains high globally, especially in children under 5 years old. As treatment improves, more children will survive e...

    Authors: Savannah Karmen-Tuohy, Sebastian M. Mboma, John T. Langfitt, Rachel Brim, Melissa Gladstone and Terrie E. Taylor
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:123
  4. Microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained blood films remains the reference standard for malaria parasite detection and quantification, but is undermined by difficulties in ensuring high-quality manual reading...

    Authors: Debashish Das, Ranitha Vongpromek, Thanawat Assawariyathipat, Ketsanee Srinamon, Kalynn Kennon, Kasia Stepniewska, Aniruddha Ghose, Abdullah Abu Sayeed, M. Abul Faiz, Rebeca Linhares Abreu Netto, Andre Siqueira, Serge R. Yerbanga, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, James J. Callery, Thomas J. Peto, Rupam Tripura…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:122
  5. The Global Fund alone contributed 56% of all international financing for malaria and has invested more than US$13.5 billion in malaria treatment, prevention, and control programmes by June 2021. These investme...

    Authors: Yakubu Alhassan, Duah Dwomoh, Susan Ama Amuasi, Justice Nonvignon, Harriet Bonful, Mary Tetteh, Kofi Agyabeng, Martha Kotey, Alfred E. Yawson and Samuel Bosomprah
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:120
  6. Due to increased travel from endemic countries, malaria occurs more frequently in non-endemic regions. It is a challenge for diagnostic laboratories in non-endemic countries to provide reliable results, as exp...

    Authors: Tania A. Khartabil, Yolanda B. de Rijke, Rob Koelewijn, Jaap J. van Hellemond and Henk Russcher
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:119
  7. Cytoadhesion and sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cells (iRBC) in the microvasculature of vital organs are a major cause of malaria pathology. Several studies have provided evidence on th...

    Authors: Samuel Odarkwei Blankson, Danielle Seri Dadjé, Nadjla Traikia, Maroufou J. Alao, Serge Ayivi, Annick Amoussou, Philippe Deloron, Nicaise Tuikue Ndam, Jacqueline Milet, Leonardo K. Basco, Yaw Aniweh and Rachida Tahar
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:115
  8. Investigating whether the multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection (MOI) is related to pregnancy outcomes, is of interest in sub-Saharan area where malaria is highly endemic. The present study aimed to cha...

    Authors: Jean Erick Massamba, Jean Claude Djontu, Christevy Jeannhey Vouvoungui, Charles Kobawila and Francine Ntoumi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:114
  9. Globally, 94% of malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa, and children under age 5 account for 70% of malaria-related mortality in the region. This study sought to examine differences between female-headed ...

    Authors: Daniel Iddrisu and Cheryl A. Moyer
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:112
  10. Highly sensitive and accurate malaria diagnostic tools are essential to identify asymptomatic low parasitaemia infections. This study evaluated the performance of histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP-2) based rapid d...

    Authors: Edjronké M. A. Benié, Kigbafori D. Silué, Xavier C. Ding, Issa Yeo, J. B. Assamoi, Karim Tuo, Akpa P. Gnagne, Lasme J. C. E. Esso, Jean T. Coulibaly, Serge-Brice Assi, Bassirou Bonfoh, William Yavo and Eliézer K. N’Goran
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:111
  11. Malaria in Mali remains a primary cause of morbidity and mortality, with women at high risk during pregnancy for placental malaria (PM). Risk for PM and its association with birth outcomes was evaluated in a r...

    Authors: Claudius Vincenz, Zachary Dolo, Serou Saye, Jennie L. Lovett and Beverly I. Strassmann
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:110
  12. Zoonotic Plasmodium infections in humans in many Southeast Asian countries have been increasing, including in countries approaching elimination of human-only malaria transmission. Most simian malarias in humans a...

    Authors: Bram van de Straat, Boni Sebayang, Matthew J. Grigg, Kyran Staunton, Triwibowo Ambar Garjito, Indra Vythilingam, Tanya L. Russell and Thomas R. Burkot
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:109
  13. Despite decades of prevention efforts, the burden of malaria in pregnancy (MiP) remains a great public health concern. Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), used as intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IP...

    Authors: Atikatou Mama, Charity Ahiabor, Bernard Tornyigah, Naa Adjeley Frempong, Kwadwo A. Kusi, Bright Adu, David Courtin, Sandrine Houzé, Philippe Deloron, Michael F. Ofori, Abraham K. Anang, Frédéric Ariey and Nicaise Tuikue Ndam
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:107
  14. Malaria is a health problem not only in human and veterinary medicine, but also in wildlife. Several theoretical studies have suggested that avian malaria transmission might be increasing in Europe. However, t...

    Authors: Gediminas Valkiūnas, Mélanie Duc and Tatjana A. Iezhova
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:105
  15. Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is a WHO-recommended intervention for children aged 3–59 months living in areas of high malaria transmission to provide protection against malaria during the rainy season...

    Authors: Charlotte Ward, Abimbola Phillips, Olusola Oresanya, Gloria Olisenekwu, Ekundayo Arogunade, Azoukalné Moukénet, Honoré Beakgoubé, Vincent De Paul Allambademel, Cheick Saïd Compaoré, Adama Traoré, Jean-Bosco Ouedraogo, Yves Daniel Compaoré, Issaka Zongo, Laura Donovan, Monica Anna Decola, Helen Smith…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:103
  16. Between 2000 and 2019, more than 1.8 billion long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) were distributed in Africa. While the insecticidal durability of LLINs is around 3 years, nets are commonly discarded 2 years...

    Authors: Edith P. Madumla, Sarah J. Moore, Jason Moore, Emmanuel Mbuba, Edgar M. Mbeyela, Ummi A. Kibondo, Selemani C, Mmbaga, Dickson Kobe, Jitihada Baraka, Daniel Msellemu, Johnson K. Swai, Zawadi M. Mboma and Olukayode G. Odufuwa
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:101
  17. Mozambique is ranked fourth in a list of the 29 countries that accounted for 95% of all malaria cases globally in 2019. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with care seeking for fever, to ...

    Authors: Annette Cassy, Sérgio Chicumbe, Abuchahama Saifodine and Rose Zulliger
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:100
  18. Progress towards malaria elimination has stagnated, partly because infections persisting at low parasite densities comprise a large reservoir contributing to ongoing malaria transmission and are difficult to d...

    Authors: Maxmillian Mpina, Thomas C. Stabler, Tobias Schindler, Jose Raso, Anna Deal, Ludmila Acuche Pupu, Elizabeth Nyakarungu, Maria del Carmen Ovono Davis, Vicente Urbano, Ali Mtoro, Ali Hamad, Maria Silvia A. Lopez, Beltran Pasialo, Marta Alene Owono Eyang, Matilde Riloha Rivas, Carlos Cortes Falla…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:99
  19. There is concern in the international community regarding the influence of climate change on weather variables and seasonality that, in part, determine the rates of malaria. This study examined the role of soc...

    Authors: Katarina Ost, Lea Berrang-Ford, Katherine Bishop-Williams, Margot Charette, Sherilee L. Harper, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus B. Namanya, Yi Huang, Aaron B. Katz and Kristie Ebi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:98

    The Correction to this article has been published in Malaria Journal 2022 21:118

  20. Malaria is a devastating disease, transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium parasites. Current insecticide-based strategies exist to control the spread of malaria by targeting vectors. H...

    Authors: Surina Maharaj, Elodie Ekoka, Erica Erlank, Luisa Nardini, Janette Reader, Lyn-Marie Birkholtz and Lizette L. Koekemoer
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:97
  21. Progress achieved by long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) against malaria is threatened by widespread selection of pyrethroid resistance among vector populations. LLINs with non-pyrethroid insecticides are u...

    Authors: Jackline L. Martin, Louisa A. Messenger, Franklin W. Mosha, Eliud Lukole, Jacklin F. Mosha, Manisha Kulkarni, Thomas S. Churcher, Ellie Sherrard-Smith, Alphaxard Manjurano, Natacha Protopopoff and Mark Rowland
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:96
  22. Dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine (DHA–PPQ) has been adopted as first-line therapy for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Indonesia since 2010. The efficacy of DHA–PPQ was evaluated in 2 sentinel sites in Keerom...

    Authors: Puji B. S. Asih, Ismail E. Rozi, Farahana K. Dewayanti, Suradi Wangsamuda, Syarifah Zulfah, Marthen Robaha, Jonny Hutahaean, Nancy D. Anggraeni, Marti Kusumaningsih, Pranti S. Mulyani, Elvieda Sariwati, Herdiana H. Basri, Maria Dorina G. Bustos and Din Syafruddin
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:95
  23. Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among forcibly displaced populations, including refugees, approximately two-thirds of whom reside in malaria endemic regions. Data from the rapid disease n...

    Authors: Kudzai Patience Takarinda, Simon Nyadundu, Emmanuel Govha, Notion Tafara Gombe, Addmore Chadambuka, Tsitsi Juru and Mufuta Tshimanga
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:94
  24. Adults with diabetes mellitus (DM) in malaria-endemic areas might be more susceptible to Plasmodium infection than healthy individuals. Herein, the study was aimed at verifying the hypothesis that increased fasti...

    Authors: Carol A. Abidha, Yaw Ampem Amoako, Richard King Nyamekye, George Bedu-Addo, Florian Grziwotz, Frank P. Mockenhaupt, Arndt Telschow and Ina Danquah
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:93
  25. To accelerate progress against malaria in high burden countries, a strategic reorientation of resources at the sub-national level is needed. This paper describes how mathematical modelling was used in mainland...

    Authors: Manuela Runge, Sumaiyya G. Thawer, Fabrizio Molteni, Frank Chacky, Sigsbert Mkude, Renata Mandike, Robert W. Snow, Christian Lengeler, Ally Mohamed and Emilie Pothin
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:92
  26. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the distribution of mosquito vectors and the population structure of secondary vectors in the border region of Cambodia-Laos. The aim of this work was to study th...

    Authors: Yilong Zhang, Canglin Zhang, Rui Yang, Chunhai Luo, Yan Deng, Yan Liu, Yilong Zhang, Hongning Zhou and Dongmei Zhang
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:91
  27. India has a substantial burden of malaria, concentrated in specific areas and population groups. Spatio-temporal modelling of deaths due to malaria in India is a critical tool for identifying high-risk groups ...

    Authors: Sayantee Jana, Sze Hang Fu, Hellen Gelband, Patrick Brown and Prabhat Jha
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:90
  28. The zoonotic malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi has emerged across Southeast Asia and is now the main cause of malaria in humans in Malaysia. A critical priority for P. knowlesi surveillance and control is unde...

    Authors: Pablo Ruiz Cuenca, Stephanie Key, Kim A. Lindblade, Indra Vythilingam, Chris Drakeley and Kimberly Fornace
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:89
  29. Molecular and genomic surveillance is becoming increasingly used to track malaria control and elimination efforts. Blood samples can be collected as whole blood and stored at − 20 °C until DNA extraction, or a...

    Authors: Aurel Holzschuh and Cristian Koepfli
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:88
  30. Despite freely distributed insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and health information campaigns to increase their use among populations at risk, malaria transmission persists in forested areas in Vietnam, especial...

    Authors: Thuan Thi Nguyen, Xa Xuan Nguyen, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Ikumi Sawada, Joan Muela, Susanna Hausmann-Muela, Thanh Vinh Pham, Hong Van Nguyen, Van Van Nguyen, Duong Thanh Tran, Charlotte Gryseels, Umberto D’Alessandro, Koen Peeters Grietens and Annette Erhart
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:87
  31. Ayeyarwady Region in Myanmar has made significant progress towards malaria elimination, with cases decreasing from 12,312 in 2015 to 122 in 2019. As transmission declines, malaria becomes increasingly focalize...

    Authors: Jillian Dunning, Nang Khaing Zar Aung, Abigail Ward, Moe Moe Aye, Christopher Lourenço, Sarah Gallalee, Stephen Lavenberg, Arnaud Le Menach, Myat Min Tun and Aung Thi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:86
  32. Distribution of long-lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLINs) is one of the main control strategies for malaria. Improving malaria prevention programmes requires understanding usage patterns in households receivi...

    Authors: Guibehi B. Koudou, April Monroe, Seth R. Irish, Michael Humes, Joseph D. Krezanoski, Hannah Koenker, David Malone, Janet Hemingway and Paul J. Krezanoski
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:85
  33. Primaquine is a pro-drug and its active metabolite is potent against mature Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes. Primaquine is metabolized by a highly polymorphic cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme. Mutations in t...

    Authors: Richard Owden Mwaiswelo, Billy Ngasala, Dominick Msolo, Eliningaya Kweka, Bruno P. Mmbando and Andreas Mårtensson
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:84
  34. Resistance to anti-malarials is a serious threat to the efforts to control and eliminate malaria. Surveillance based on simple field protocols with centralized testing to detect molecular markers associated wi...

    Authors: Sukanta Das, Clément Kérah-Hinzoumbé, Moundiné Kebféné, Suttipat Srisutham, Tog-Yeum Nagorngar, Naowarat Saralamba, Ranitha Vongpromek, Teeradet Khomvarn, Carol H. Sibley, Philippe J. Guérin, Mallika Imwong and Mehul Dhorda
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:83
  35. Accurately testing, treating, and tracking all malaria cases is critical to achieving elimination. Ensuring health providers are able and motivated to test, treat, and report cases is a necessary component of ...

    Authors: Morgan Brown, Paul Bouanchaud, Kemi Tesfazghi, Saysana Phanalasy, May Me Thet, Hoa Nguyen and Jennifer Wheeler
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:82
  36. Under-five malaria in Nigeria is a leading cause of global child mortality, accounting for 95,000 annual child deaths. High out-of-pocket medical expenditure contributes to under-five malaria mortality by disc...

    Authors: Rishav Raj Dasgupta, Wenhui Mao and Osondu Ogbuoji
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:81
  37. Transmission of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly stratified following decades of malaria control interventions. The extent to which environmental and land cover risk factors for malaria ma...

    Authors: Cedar L. Mitchell, Billy Ngasala, Mark M. Janko, Frank Chacky, Jessie K. Edwards, Brian W. Pence, Ally Mohamed, Lwidiko E. Mhamilawa, Twilumba Makene, Thwai Kyaw, Fabrizio Molteni, Humphrey Mkali, Ssanyu Nyinondi, Bilali Kabula, Naomi Serbantez, Erin L. Eckert…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:80
  38. The need to start treatment early for pregnant women who present with clinical features of malaria usually conflicts with the need to confirm diagnosis by microscopy (MP) before treatment, due to delays in obt...

    Authors: Cliford Ebontane Ebong, Innocent Mbulli Ali, Hortence Jeanne Fouedjio, Estelle Essangui, Dorothy Fosah Achu, Ayong Lawrence and Dohbit Sama
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:78
  39. The populations of moderate or highly malaria endemic areas gradually acquire some immunity to malaria as a result of repeated exposure to the infection. When this exposure is reduced as a result of effective ...

    Authors: Brian Greenwood, Issaka Zongo, Alassane Dicko, Daniel Chandramohan, Robert W. Snow and Christian Ockenhouse
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:77
  40. Community case management of malaria (CCMm) is an equity-focused strategy that complements and extends the reach of health services by providing timely and effective management of malaria to populations with l...

    Authors: Enock Marita, Bernard Langat, Teresa Kinyari, Patrick Igunza, Donald Apat, Josephat Kimori, Jane Carter, Richard Kiplimo and Samuel Muhula
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:73

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