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  1. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) undergo a series of tests to obtain listing by World Health Organization (WHO) Prequalification. These tests characterize the bioefficacy, physical and chemical properties of th...

    Authors: Ole Skovmand, Duoc M. Dang, Trung Q. Tran, Rune Bossellman and Sarah J. Moore

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:363

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Malaria in pregnancy remains a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying risk factors for malaria in pregnancy could assist in developing interventions to reduce the risk of malaria in Burkina F...

    Authors: Jean Baptiste Yaro, Alphonse Ouedraogo, Amidou Diarra, Salif Sombié, Z. Amidou Ouedraogo, Issa Nébié, Chris Drakeley, Sodiomon B. Sirima, Alfred B. Tiono, Steven W. Lindsay and Anne L. Wilson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:362

    Content type: Research

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  3. Azithromycin has recently been shown to reduce all-cause childhood mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. One potential mechanism of this effect is via the anti-malarial effect of azithromycin, which may help treat ...

    Authors: Boubacar Coulibaly, Ali Sié, Clarisse Dah, Mamadou Bountogo, Mamadou Ouattara, Adama Compaoré, Moustapha Nikiema, Jérôme Nankoné Tiansi, Nestor Dembélé Sibiri, Jessica M. Brogdon, Elodie Lebas, Thuy Doan, Travis C. Porco, Thomas M. Lietman and Catherine E. Oldenburg

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:360

    Content type: Research

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  4. Malaria elimination is the goal for Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Intensive interventions implemented since 2004 have reduced prevalence, but progress has stalled in recent years. A challenge for eliminatio...

    Authors: Daniel T. Citron, Carlos A. Guerra, Guillermo A. García, Sean L. Wu, Katherine E. Battle, Harry S. Gibson and David L. Smith

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:359

    Content type: Research

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  5. Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) against vector mosquitoes is a primary means for combating malaria transmission. To combat increased patterns of resistance to chemicals against mosquito vectors, alternative candid...

    Authors: Leonard M. Ngwej, Emmanuel M. Mashat, Clarence K. Mukeng, Henri T. Mundongo, Françoise K. Malonga, Jean-Christophe K. Kashala and Michael J. Bangs

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:358

    Content type: Research

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  6. Volatile pyrethroids (VPs) are proven to reduce human–vector contact for mosquito vectors. With increasing resistance to pyrethroids in mosquitoes, the efficacy of VPs, such as transfluthrin, may be compromise...

    Authors: Mgeni M. Tambwe, Sarah Moore, Lorenz Hofer, Ummi A. Kibondo and Adam Saddler

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:357

    Content type: Research

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  7. Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) was deployed in 2005 as an alternative to chloroquine and is considered the most efficacious treatment currently available for uncomplicated falciparum malaria. Whil...

    Authors: Fatoumata O. Maiga, Mamadou Wele, Sounkou M. Toure, Makan Keita, Cheick Oumar Tangara, Randi R. Refeld, Oumar Thiero, Kassoum Kayentao, Mahamadou Diakite, Antoine Dara, Jian Li, Mahamoudou Toure, Issaka Sagara, Abdoulaye Djimdé, Frances J. Mather, Seydou O. Doumbia…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:356

    Content type: Research

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  8. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) access-use has been pivotal monitoring indicator for malaria prevention and control, particularly in resource limited settings. The objective of the study was to compare ITN acc...

    Authors: Yohannes Kebede, Morankar Sudhakar, Guda Alemayehu, Lakew Abebe and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:355

    Content type: Research

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  9. Changes in social, belief, and behavioural practices are essential for the success of any public health delivery programme. In the planning stages of the Malaria Elimination Demonstration Project (MEDP), prior...

    Authors: Harsh Rajvanshi, Kalyan B. Saha, Ravendra K. Sharma, Praveen K. Bharti, Sekh Nisar, Himanshu Jayswar, Ashok K. Mishra, Man Mohan Shukla, Aparup Das, Harpreet Kaur, Suman L. Wattal and Altaf A. Lal

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:354

    Content type: Research

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  10. Understanding the blood feeding preferences and resting habits of malaria vectors is important for assessing and designing effective malaria vector control tools. The presence of livestock, such as cattle, whi...

    Authors: Monicah M. Mburu, Kennedy Zembere, Themba Mzilahowa, Anja D. Terlouw, Tumaini Malenga, Henk van den Berg, Willem Takken and Robert S. McCann

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:353

    Content type: Research

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  11. Malaria was eliminated from Sri Lanka in 2012, and since then 50–60 imported malaria cases have been reported yearly. The country has remained malaria-free since, except for a single case of indigenous malaria...

    Authors: Pubudu Chulasiri, Prasad Ranaweera, Ponnuthurai Sudarshan, Maya Jayasinghe, Jeevani Harishchandra, Kumudu Gunasekera, Harshini Vitharana, Priyanganie Silva, Pascal Ringwald, Rohini Fernandopulle, Kamini Mendis and Deepika Fernando

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:352

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Malaria reactive case detection is the testing and, if positive, treatment of close contacts of index cases. It is included in national malaria control programmes of countries in the Greater Mekong Subregion t...

    Authors: Mavuto Mukaka, Pimnara Peerawaranun, Daniel M. Parker, Ladda Kajeechiwa, Francois H. Nosten, Thuy-Nhien Nguyen, Tran Tinh Hien, Rupam Tripura, Thomas J. Peto, Koukeo Phommasone, Mayfong Mayxay, Paul N. Newton, Mallika Imwong, Nicholas P. J. Day, Arjen M. Dondorp, Nicholas J. White…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:351

    Content type: Research

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  13. Malaria still constitutes a major public health menace, especially in tropical and subtropical countries. Close to half a million people mainly children in Africa, die every year from the disease. With the ris...

    Authors: Elahe Tajbakhsh, Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Parya Kheyri, Saeed Nezaratizade, David S. Lindsay and Faham Khamesipour

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:349

    Content type: Research

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  14. Malaria is endemic to Pakistan with high prevalence among pregnant women and linked with maternal anaemia, intrauterine growth retardation, preterm birth, and low birth weight. The use of long-lasting insectic...

    Authors: Ramesh Kumar, Midhat Farzeen, Jamil Ahmed, Manohar Lal and Ratana Somrongthong

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:347

    Content type: Research

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  15. Insecticides are currently the main tools used to reduce the transmission of malaria; therefore, the development of resistance to insecticides in malaria vectors is of major concern for malaria control. The re...

    Authors: Abdoulaye Niang, Simon P. Sawadogo, Abdoul A. Millogo, Nwamaka O. Akpodiete, Roch K. Dabiré, Frederic Tripet and Abdoulaye Diabaté

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:346

    Content type: Research

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  16. ICON® Maxx (Syngenta) is an insecticide treatment kit of pyrethroid and binding agent for long-lasting treatment of mosquito nets. Interim recommendation for use on nets was granted by the World Health Organiz...

    Authors: Patrick K. Tungu, Wema Sudi, William Kisinza and Mark Rowland

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:345

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Malaria continues to be a public health problem in South Africa. While the disease is mainly confined to three of the nine provinces, most local transmissions occur because of importation of cases from neighbo...

    Authors: Joseph Njau, Sheetal P. Silal, Aparna Kollipara, Katie Fox, Ryleen Balawanth, Anthony Yuen, Lisa J. White, Mandisi Moya, Yogan Pillay and Devanand Moonasar

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:344

    Content type: Research

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  18. A novel variable surface antigens (VSAs), Surface-associated interspersed proteins (SUFRINs), is a protein that is modified on the surface of infected red blood cell (iRBC). Modified proteins on the iRBC surfa...

    Authors: Natpasit Chaianantakul, Tippawan Sungkapong, Jirapinya Changpad, Keawalin Thongma, Sasiwimon Sim-ut and Morakot Kaewthamasorn

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:343

    Content type: Research

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  19. Europe has about 10,000 imported cases of malaria each year, or around 80 cases per 100,000 trips to endemic areas. Non-use of chemoprophylaxis in travellers remains the main reason for this. The proliferation...

    Authors: Manuel Linares-Rufo, Laura Santos-Larrégola, Miguel Górgolas Hernández-de-Mora and José-Manuel Ramos-Rincón

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:342

    Content type: Research

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  20. The relapsing nature of Plasmodium vivax infection is a major barrier to its control and elimination. Factors such as adequate dosing, adherence, drug quality, and pharmacogenetics can impact the effectiveness of...

    Authors: Anielle de Pina-Costa, Ana Carolina Rios Silvino, Edwiges Motta dos Santos, Renata Saraiva Pedro, José Moreira, Gabriela Liseth Umana, Ana Danielle Tavares da Silva, Otília Helena Lupi da Rosa Santos, Karina Medeiros de Deus Henriques, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, Patrícia Brasil, Tais Nobrega Sousa and André M. Siqueira

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:341

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Emergence of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinin and its derivatives poses a threat to the global effort to control malaria. The emergence of anti-malarial resistance has become a great public health ...

    Authors: Dawit Getachew Assefa, Gizachew Yismaw and Eyasu Makonnen

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:340

    Content type: Research

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  22. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unprecedented challenges to health systems worldwide, including the control of non-COVID-19 diseases. Malaria cases and deaths may increase due to the direct and indirect ...

    Authors: Anna-Katharina Heuschen, Guangyu Lu, Oliver Razum, Alhassan Abdul-Mumin, Osman Sankoh, Lorenz von Seidlein, Umberto D’Alessandro and Olaf Müller

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:339

    Content type: Review

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  23. Plasmodium vivax is transmitted by members of the Anopheles Hyrcanus Group that includes six species in the Republic of Korea: Anopheles sinensis sensu stricto (s.s.), Anopheles pullus, Anopheles kleini, Anophel...

    Authors: Do Eun Lee, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Terry A. Klein, Ju Hyeon Kim and Si Hyeock Lee

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:338

    Content type: Methodology

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  24. Plasmodium malariae is the cause of the rare but severe form of malaria that sometimes affects individuals travelling to malaria-endemic regions. This report presents the unique case of a patient exhibiting sever...

    Authors: Anthony Marteau, Elise Ouedraogo, Guillaume Van der Meersch, Mohammad Akhoundi, Berenice Souhail, Yves Cohen, Olivier Bouchaud and Arezki Izri

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:337

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Universal coverage with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) is an essential component of malaria control programmes. Three-yearly mass distribution of LLINs in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has been successful in ...

    Authors: Pere Millat-Martínez, Rebecca Gabong, Núria Balanza, Sakaia Luana, Sergi Sanz, Silvia Raulo, Arthur Elizah, Chilaka Wali, Benjamin Paivu, Julian Dalmas, Samson Tabie, Stephan Karl, Moses Laman, William Pomat, Oriol Mitjà, Bàrbara Baro…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:336

    Content type: Research

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  26. Plasmodium falciparum is an obligate intracellular parasite of humans that causes malaria. Falciparum malaria is a major public health threat to human life responsible for high mortality. Currently, the risk of m...

    Authors: Fawad Ali, Hira Wali, Saadia Jan, Asad Zia, Muneeba Aslam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Sahib Gul Afridi, Sulaiman Shams and Asifullah Khan

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:335

    Content type: Research

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  27. Malaria is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in African countries. It is one of the leading causes of hospital visits and hospitalization in pediatric wards for children under 5 years old. I...

    Authors: Gaëtan Moukoumbi Lipenguet, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Euloge Ibinga, Jean Engohang-Ndong and Jérôme Wittwer

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:334

    Content type: Research

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  28. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are the most widely used interventions for malaria control in Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the ownership and utilization of ITNs and the knowledge of malaria and ...

    Authors: Rene Ning Teh, Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Derick Ndelle Meduke, Gillian Asoba Nkeudem, Samuel Takang Ojong, Exodus Akwa Teh and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:333

    Content type: Research

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  29. Early malaria diagnosis and its profiling require the development of new sensing platforms enabling rapid and early analysis of parasites in blood or saliva, aside the widespread rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs).

    Authors: Médéric Loyez, Mathilde Wells, Stéphanie Hambÿe, François Hubinon, Bertrand Blankert, Ruddy Wattiez and Christophe Caucheteur

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:332

    Content type: Research

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  30. Authors: Meshesha Balkew, Peter Mumba, Gedeon Yohannes, Ephrem Abiy, Dejene Getachew, Solomon Yared, Amha Worku, Araya Gebresilassie, Fitsum G. Tadesse, Endalamaw Gadisa, Endashaw Esayas, Temesgen Ashine, Desta Ejeta, Sisay Dugassa, Mekonnen Yohannes, Wossenseged Lemma…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:331

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Malaria Journal 2021 20:263

  31. Information on cardiopulmonary complications in clinical malaria is sparse and diagnosis may be difficult in resource-limited areas due to lack of proper diagnostic tools and access to medical care. A case of ...

    Authors: Alma Wegener, Karine O. Lima, Anna E. Holm, Laura C. Gomes, Luan O. Matos, Isabelle V. M. Vieira, Rodrigo Medeiros Souza, Claudio Romero Farias Marinho, Lasse S. Vestergaard, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Odilson M. Silvestre and Philip Brainin

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:330

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. In 2002, Zambia withdrew chloroquine as first-line treatment for Plasmodium falciparum malaria due to increased treatment failure and worldwide spread of chloroquine resistance. The artemisinin combination regime...

    Authors: Mwenda C. Mulenga, Lungowe Sitali, Ilinca I. Ciubotariu, Moonga B. Hawela, Busiku Hamainza, James Chipeta and Sungano Mharakurwa

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:329

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. The selection and the spread of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors to the main classes of insecticides used in vector control tools are a major and ongoing challenge to malaria vector control programmes...

    Authors: Casimir Dossou Kpanou, Hermann W. Sagbohan, Fortuné Dagnon, Germain G. Padonou, Razaki Ossè, Albert Sourou Salako, Aboubakar Sidick, Wilfried Sewadé, André Sominahouin, Patrick Condo, Saadani Hassani Ahmed, Daniel Impoinvil and Martin Akogbéto

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:328

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) consists of administration of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) + amodiaquine (AQ) at monthly intervals to children during the malaria transmission period. Whether the addit...

    Authors: Koudraogo Bienvenue Yaméogo, Rakiswendé Serge Yerbanga, Seydou Bienvenu Ouattara, Franck A. Yao, Thierry Lefèvre, Issaka Zongo, Frederic Nikièma, Yves Daniel Compaoré, Halidou Tinto, Daniel Chandramohan, Brian Greenwood, Adrien M. G. Belem, Anna Cohuet and Jean Bosco Ouédraogo

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:326

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Larviciding against malaria vectors in Africa has been limited compared to indoor residual spraying and insecticide treated nets but is increasingly being considered by some countries as a complementary strate...

    Authors: Manuela Runge, Salum Mapua, Ismail Nambunga, Thomas A. Smith, Nakul Chitnis, Fredros Okumu and Emilie Pothin

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:324

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Malaria Journal 2021 20:350

  36. Authors: Sreenivasulu B. Reddy, Noemi Nagy, Caroline Rönnberg, Francesca Chiodi, Allan Lugaajju, Frank Heuts, Laszlo Szekely, Mats Wahlgren and Kristina E. M. Persson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:323

    Content type: Publisher Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Malaria Journal 2021 20:303

  37. Extensive malaria control measures have been implemented on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea over the past 16 years, reducing parasite prevalence and malaria-related morbidity and mortality, but without achievi...

    Authors: Vicente Urbano Nsue Ndong Nchama, Ali Hamad Said, Ali Mtoro, Gertrudis Owono Bidjimi, Marta Alene Owono, Escolastica Raquel Mansogo Maye, Martin Eka Ondo Mangue, Genaro Nsue Nguema Okomo, Beltran Ekua Ntutumu Pasialo, Dolores Mbang Ondo, Maria-Silvia Angue Lopez, Fortunata Lobede Mochomuemue, Mariano Obiang Obono, Juan Carlos Momo Besaha, Raul Chuquiyauri, Said Abdallah Jongo…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:322

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Several studies that aim to enhance the understanding of malaria transmission and persistence in urban settings failed to address its underlining complexity. This study aims at doing that by applying qualitati...

    Authors: Merveille Koissi Savi, Daniel Callo-Concha, Henri E. Z. Tonnang and Christian Borgemeister

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:321

    Content type: Research

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  39. Following agricultural use and large-scale distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), malaria vector resistance to pyrethroids is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. Interceptor® G2 is a new dual active in...

    Authors: Richard M. Oxborough, Aklilu Seyoum, Yemane Yihdego, Joseph Chabi, Francis Wat’senga, Fiacre R. Agossa, Sylvester Coleman, Samdi Lazarus Musa, Ousmane Faye, Michael Okia, Mohamed Bayoh, Evelyne Alyko, Jean-Desire Rakotoson, Hieronymo Masendu, Arthur Sovi, Libasse Gadiaga…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:316

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Saudi Arabia and Yemen are the only two countries in the Arabian Peninsula that are yet to achieve malaria elimination. Over the past two decades, the malaria control programme in Saudi Arabia has successfully...

    Authors: Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi, Aymen M. Madkhali, Khalid Y. Ghailan, Ahmed A. Abdulhaq, Ahmad Hassn Ghzwani, Khalid Ammash Zain, Wahib M. Atroosh, Alkhansa Alshabi, Hussein A. Khadashi, Majid A. Darraj and Zaki M. Eisa

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:315

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. The entry of PCR-based techniques into malaria diagnostics has improved the sensitivity and specificity of the detection of Plasmodium infections. It has been shown that humans are regularly infected by at least ...

    Authors: Kim van Bergen, Toon Stuitje, Robert Akkers, Eric Vermeer, Rob Castel and Theo Mank

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:314

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  42. Prevalence of falciparum malaria on Bioko Island remains high despite sustained, intensive control. Progress may be hindered by high proportions of subpatent infections that are not detected by rapid diagnosti...

    Authors: Dianna E. B. Hergott, Jennifer E. Balkus, Guillermo A. García, Kurtis R. Cruz, Annette M. Seilie, Haley Masters, Akum A. Aveika, Marcos Mbuilto Iyanga, Jeremias Nzamio Mba Eyono, Brandon L. Guthrie and Sean C. Murphy

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2021 20:313

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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